ANP 325 Primate Taxonomy (2)

ANP 325 Primate Taxonomy (2) - Primate Taxonomy (2)...

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Cercopithecoids: Old World Monkeys Hominoids: Apes and Humans Catarrhines (2 families) Old World Monkeys and Apes Habits from tropical forests to desert to snow 2 subfamilies Cercopithecines and Colobines Cercopithecoids Cheek Pouches to hold food and start with salivary glands Frugivorous and found in large, complex social groups African radiation Female philopatry, male dispersal, Hamadryas Baboon exception Macaca (22) species, Asia, snow monkeys, strong matrilines, overlapping home ranges, broadest range of habitats b/c of broad geography, multimale/multifemale groups Cercopithecines (macques, baboon, mandrills, vervets, guenons etc.) Folivorous, sacculated stomach and sharp razor teeth for eating leaves Colobines (Leaf Monkeys) Youngest Daughter Ascendancy, Kin preferred and maternal inheritance Maternal Inheritance = mothers intervene in conflicts involving their offspring, preferentially support younger daughters over older daughters, Macaques (rhesus and Japanese macque) What is Interspecific variation in degree of nepotism? (strategy 1) Increased alliances with non-kin, more permissive of other females handling their infants (Barbary Macaque) Daughters can attain higher rank as mothers, mothers are unable to support youngest What is the individualistc domiance? (strategy 2) Grade 1-4, Grade 1 = 1 most aggressive very strong dominance hierarchy and contests are unidirectional, subordinates will accept their rank Low levels of reconciliation, avoid each other (Rhesus and Japanese macaque) Grade 4 = 4 low levels of aggression, contests are bidirectional, 50% are followed by reconciliation, individuals will retaliate upon Interspecific Variation in degree of aggression During the lecture, take notes here. Insert a sub-page for each lecture topic. Important Points:
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ANP 325 Primate Taxonomy (2) - Primate Taxonomy (2)...

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