LAHIST

LAHIST - Landscape Architecture Historical Overview Egypt and Mesopotamia • Only way we knew how average person lived was through images •

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Landscape Architecture Historical Overview Egypt and Mesopotamia • Only way we knew how average person lived was through images • Ordinary people lived very similar to us today • Similar landscape, geography, and climate (hot, arid, desert) o Nature provides an oasis (patch of green and palm trees because of source of water) o Farmland and desert side by side because of irrigation o Needed it to flood because it brings in fresh soil and waters the landscape o Thrived for centuries because of rich agricultural area • Plan of garden found in tomb tells us how they were designed o Enclosed space, wall surrounds garden to protect it from heat, wind, blowing sand o Lots of foliage provides shade, cooling, food o Ponds surround space for irrigation, growing fish, ducks, plants o Depiction of common man o Water cools the air, evaporative cooling, water sources are extremely important • Mesopotamia o Some similarities to Egypt o Ordinary folks live in mud houses, pharaohs live in stone o Walled city with hanging gardens Built step pyramid and on different levels they grew plants Islamic Period • During time of western dark ages, tremendous contrast in lifestyle • 622 AD, time of Muhammad, received the word and put in the Quran • Invented algebra, idea of the zero • Rich, colorful architecture • Exported/imported plants • Preserved western ideas- studied the Greek classics • Arabs set up the first educational systems • Garden designs are related to the desert o Walled, shaded, water, embellished with flowers o Water takes on symbolic meaning, Muhammad brought in the Islamic religion, descriptions of heaven, “paradise,” use description from the Quran o Quadrangular- o Natural oasis, enhanced by man, rich agriculture o Irrigation is also a decorative, geometric pattern • 4 rivers of paradise are represented in landscape design, quadrangular layout is repeated for centuries for artistic reasons Greece • Each building is formed to its immediate site • Site planning- put buildings in such a way that beauty of land and architecture was magnified o Didn’t arrange things geometrically as in Renaissance, case by case basis • Use ground as structure for amphitheater with stadium seating • Use of land farms that create space where first Olympics were held Pompeii • Indoor/outdoor spatial concepts • Mount Vesuvius erupted destroying the city, burying it in volcanic ash • Have a perfectly preserved city • Very sophisticated, atrium • Semi-arid climate • All rooms opened up to an interior courtyard garden Middle Ages • Same time period as the Islamic world • Gardens weren’t as important • Monks had gardens at the monastery o Islamic gardens were used as a model Renaissance • Well-planned cities with paved streets • Fine manners for dining, invention of the fork • Villa and garden are connected • Distant views of landscape create a balanced composition • Search for order, tranquility • Environmental effects...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/17/2011 for the course LA 1201 taught by Professor Conrad during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 13

LAHIST - Landscape Architecture Historical Overview Egypt and Mesopotamia • Only way we knew how average person lived was through images •

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online