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The Evolution of Management Theory

The Evolution of Management Theory - The Evolution of...

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The Evolution of Management Theory (Schools of Management Thought) September 30, 2008 A Summary Classical Approach (1880-1920) Human Relations Approach (1930’s) Contemporary approaches (1950-1980’s) Emerging Practices (1990’s-2000’s) Systematic Management Adam Smith – 1776 – The Wealth of Nations – advocate of systematization effectiveness division of labour productivity efficiency Focussed on the definition of duties and responsibilities Led to Scientific Management Scientific management Basic Question : How can management increase the level of worker productivity and motivation? Scientific Management F.W. Taylor Philosophy The 3 S’s (standardize, simplify, specialize) Use $ as an incentive Scientific Management (Classical Approach)
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Piece-rate system Benefits of Taylor’s Work traditional thinking to scientific analysis Productivity did improve! Problems oversimplification failed to realize: influences of group norms, social needs, and pressures, etc. Measurement Time Motion Frank Gilbreth The  one best way to perform a job Therblig – each operation is broken down into a Therblig – unit of motion Gilbreth said everyone has 17 Therbligs Therblig #1 Search Therblig #2 Find Therblig #17 Think!!! Results of Gilbreth’s Work Foot-levers to open garbage cans Special chairs for factory workers Redesigning of typewriters New assembly line techniques Simple, but effective!!!
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