History Of The Ku Klux Klan Curiel 1Catherine CurielFlorida Gulf Coast UniversityFinal Project- The History Of The Ku Klux KlanCCJ 4601
History Of The Ku Klux Klan Curiel 2In the United States, domestic terrorism consists of reported acts of violence. The assaultsare local, as U.S. civilians or permanent U.S. residents have carried out them ("Ku Klux Klan: A History of Racism", 2011). Formed as a platform for white South opposition to the Republican Party's Reconstruction-era policies, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), which was established in 1865, was spread to almost every Southern state by 1870 (History.com Editors, 2009). Its representatives carried out an undercover movement against White and Black Republican politicians harassment and abuse ("Ku Klux Klan: A History of Racism", 2011). While Congress enacted laws to curtail Klan extremism, its primary purpose was to revive white supremacy in the 1870s by democratic wins in southern state legislatures (History.com Editors, 2009). In the early 1920s, following a time of stagnation, white Protestants resurrected the Klan and staged demonstrations, parades and marches to condemn refugees, Catholics, Jews, Black people and mobilized staff. Ku Klux Klan crime, including assaults on pre-schools and churches and abuse on black and white protest organizations in the south, has also been growing in the civil rights struggle since the 1960's ("Ku Klux Klan Robes").In 1865, the first branch of the Ku Klux Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee, by a party consisting of several former Confederate veterans (History.com Editors, 2009). The two first words in the name of the organization, which was meant to derive from the Greek term "kyklos ("Tattered Robes: The State of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States")." During the summer of 1867, the Klan's local factions gathered in a general organizing conference and formed what they termed "The Secret Kingdom of the South ("Tattered Robes: The State of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States")." The first chief or "great wizard" of the Klan was elected asConfederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest ("Ku Klux Klan: A History of Racism", 2011). The Ku Klux Klan organization, which was founded among the more conservative leaders of the
History Of The Ku Klux Klan Curiel 3Republican Party in Congress, culminated with the start of the second wave of post-Civil WarReconstruction (History.com Editors, 2009). The Senate adopted the Presidential veto on the Reconstruction Act after opposing President Andrew Johnson's fairly slow restoration measures in effect between 1865 and 1866 ("Ku Klux Klan Robes"). The South was split into five territorial districts according to its terms and each State had to follow the 14th Amendment, giving 'fair rights' to former Slaves and compulsory Gender Replacement by the Constitution (History.com Editors, 2009).