middle childhood notes

middle childhood notes - How might this influence which...

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How might this influence which reading and writing activities you would assign? What could you do to strengthen a student’s reading or writing skills in each developmental stage? Historically, middle childhood has not been considered an important stage in human  development. Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory labeled this period of life the  latency  stage, a time when sexual and aggressive urges are repressed. Freud suggested  that no significant contributions to personality development were made during this  period. However, more recent theorists have recognized the importance of middle  childhood for the development of cognitive skills, personality, motivation, and inter- personal relationships. During middle childhood children learn the values of their  societies. Thus, the primary developmental task of middle childhood could be called  integration,  both in terms of development within the individual and of the individual  within the social context. Perhaps supporting the image of middle childhood as a latency stage, physical  development during middle childhood is less dramatic than in early childhood or  adolescence. Growth is slow and steady until the onset of puberty, when individuals  begin to develop at a much quicker pace. The age at which individuals enter puberty  varies, but there is evidence of a secular trend–the age at which puberty begins has been  decreasing over time. In some individuals, puberty may start as early as age eight or  nine. Onset of puberty differs across gender and begins earlier in females. As with physical development, the cognitive development of middle childhood is slow  and steady. Children in this stage are building upon skills gained in early childhood and  preparing for the next phase of their cognitive development. Children's reasoning is very  rule based. Children are learning skills such as classification and forming hypotheses.  While they are cognitively more mature now than a few years ago, children in this stage  still require concrete, hands-on learning activities. Middle childhood is a time when  children can gain enthusiasm for learning and work, for achievement can become a  motivating factor as children work toward building competence and self-esteem. Middle childhood is also a time when children develop competence in interpersonal and  social relationships. Children have a growing peer orientation, yet they are strongly  influenced by their family. The social skills learned through peer and family  relationships, and children's increasing ability to participate in meaningful interpersonal  communication, provide a necessary foundation for the challenges of adolescence. Best 
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middle childhood notes - How might this influence which...

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