How would you characterize the positions on the opposing sides of the "social studies wars in New Deal America"? During the New Deal era of the United States (1930s), two opposing sides of textbooks were introduced. On one hand, there were sides that were strictly loyal to the American idea of capitalism, and on the other hand, there were books that criticized the ideas of capitalism and simultaneously "introducing socialism." Two authors that were deemed "socialist" were Harold Rugg and Carl L. Becker. Opponents of these two authors were led by Amos A. Fries. Fries argued that Rugg and Becker had "class-based" or "socialist" views on the Constitution, industrialization, and the Great Depression (Zimmerman 56). Opponents argued that Rugg's text were much too liberal. The side protecting capitalism stated that "any mention of [capitalism's] failures might undermine children's commitment to the nation, making them easy prey for "communist" seduction." (Zimmerman 60). It was at this point that
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2011 for the course AMST 10 taught by Professor Saul during the Fall '08 term at Berkeley.