2. How did neo-Confederates and African Americans influence the content of southern textbooks in the 1930s? According to Jonathan Zimmerman’s Whose America , it is evident that both the neo-Confederates and the African Americans had a considerable amount of influence concerning the contents of southern textbooks in the 1930s. Following the blocking of pro-British textbooks in the United States, the NAACP took an initiative and would organize its own attack against books with an anti-African American bias. However, whereas African Americans believed that the general consensus of the textbooks was anti-African American, many white critics south of the Mason-Dixon line believed that they were the ones being maligned. “Both sides pressured textbook companies, school boards, and legislatures to create – or adopt – products to their liking.” The United Daughters of the Confederacy, or the UDC, were the leading enforcers of “textbook orthodoxy” in the south by the year 1911. They were headed by
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