26 - American/26/09 What is Good for One Racial...

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American Studies 10 10/26/09 “What is Good for One Racial Classification is Not Necessarily Good for Another” The Tension Between Desegregation and Bilingual Education as Avenues of Educational Civil Rights Redress I. Introduction A. Lecture overview – linking 2 ostensibly separate struggles for educational civil rights, desegregation, and bilingual education II. The launching of Johnson v. San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) in 1970 A. Lecture thesis – how/why the Johnson and Lau cases represented “a great enterprise to determine what the ‘equal protection of the laws’ should concretely mean in a multi-racial and multi-ethnic society” owing to the non-white nature of the opposition to desegregation and the “different notion of [educational] equality” from the NAACP’s it reflected 1. Parallel tension between desegregation (as pursued by the NAACP) and bilingual education (as pursued by various advocates of for Mexican American students) in Denver in the early 1970s ( Keyes v. Denver ) and its irony in light of Mendez v. Westminster Patricia Johnson was the main plaintiff where the NAACP filed on her behalf a lawsuit against the SFUSD Kinney Lau was the lead plaintiff in the Lau case as well About 12,000 (15% of student body) Chinese Students in SFUSD Kinney Lau attended a segregated school, just like Patricia Johnson Lawyers for Lau were not worried about desegregation; they were worried about integration. Lau was integrated into a class where the majority of the class spoke English, whereas his main language was Cantonese Patricia Johnson’s attorneys wanted complete desegregation of student and staff of SFUSD elementary schools Lau’s attorneys wanted special instruction in English taught by bilingual teachers. The irony is that originally, Hispanic Americans wanted desegregation for pedagogical reasons, but then later they wanted segregation for bilingual educational reasons III. Johnson and the Chinese American Struggle Against Desegregation, 1970 - 1971 A. Patricia Johnson, the NAACP, and the basis of their suit against SFUSD 2/3 of Elementary schools in SF fit definition of “desegregated”
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Desegregated schools consisted of 50% African Americans or more
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26 - American/26/09 What is Good for One Racial...

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