19 - A merican Studies 10 Lecture 10/19/09 F rom Jim Crow...

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American Studies 10 Lecture 10/19/09 From Jim Crow to Brown v. Board of Education I. Lecture Overview A. Formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) As black “respectability” grows, the number of lynching’s increases 1909 – First National Negro League meeting 1910 – NAACP formed out of National Negro League NAACP was focused on lynching’s when they first formed II. Demographic Overview of African Americans in the late 19 th century and early 20 th century III. The Rise of Jim Crow in Post-Reconstruction America A. Jim Crow Defined Jim Crow was a character from Minstrel Shows B. The scope and scale of Jim Crow Vast and disproportionally concentrated to the South Many constitutional, city, and state governances w/ regard to Jim Crow Statutory segregation Prohibited interracial language Segregated ticket windows, cemeteries, hospitals, schools, textbooks, drinking fountains IV.The Supreme Court in Support of Jim Crow A. The Civil Rights Cases (1883) – state discrimination versus private discrimination
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Civil Rights Act 1875 was challenged by a owners that opposed the laws Supreme Court struck down Civil Rights Act of 1875 “Segregation of privately owned businesses open to the public was not a violation of an individuals political right.” Therefore, doesn’t violate 14 th Amendment B. Plessey v. Ferguson (1896) – political equality versus social equality Florida passes railroad segregation act
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2011 for the course AMST 10 taught by Professor Saul during the Fall '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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19 - A merican Studies 10 Lecture 10/19/09 F rom Jim Crow...

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