Old Testament Interpretive Commentary of Ruth - Final.docx - LIBERTY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DIVINITY Old Testament Interpretive Commentary of Ruth

Old Testament Interpretive Commentary of Ruth - Final.docx...

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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DIVINITYOld Testament Interpretive Commentary of RuthSubmitted to Dr. Richard FuhrIn partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion ofOBST 515 – D01Old Testament OrientationByBrett RomischMay 3, 2020
Contents Introduction to Ruth......................................................................................................................1The Historical Setting...........................................................................................................1Main Characters....................................................................................................................2Purpose..................................................................................................................................2Key Verses............................................................................................................................2Exegetical Outline..........................................................................................................................2Interpretation and Exposition of Ruth........................................................................................3Elimelech and Naomi’s Trouble in Moab (1:1-5)........................................................................3Famine in the Land of Bethlehem (1:1-2)............................................................................3Naomi’s Difficult Losses (1:3-5).........................................................................................3Ruth’s Undying Loyalty to Naomi (1:6-22).................................................................................4Ruth Clings to Naomi (1:6-18)...........................................................................................4Naomi and Ruth Return to Bethlehem (1:19-22)................................................................5Boaz Encounters Ruth in His Field (2:1-23)................................................................................6Boaz’s Kindness Towards Ruth and Naomi (2:1-13)...........................................................6Ruth and Naomi are Blessed by Boaz (2:14-23).................................................................8Ruth and Boaz’s Romance Begins (3:1-18)..................................................................................9Naomi’s Instruction for Ruth (3:1-5)...................................................................................9Ruth’s Bold Proposal (3:6-9).............................................................................................10Boaz’s Beautiful Response (3:6-9)....................................................................................11Boaz, the Kinsman Redeemer (4:1-17).......................................................................................11Boaz Redeems Ruth (4:1-12).............................................................................................11ii
God Blesses Boaz and Ruth with a Son (4:13-16).............................................................13The Lineage of King David (4:17-22).........................................................................................13Applications to the Christian Life from the Book of Ruth.......................................................14Bibliography.................................................................................................................................16iii
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Introduction to RuthThe Historical SettingThe book of Ruth is appropriately named after the main character, a faithful young Moabite woman, great-grandmother of David, and forbearer of Jesus Christ (Ruth 4:22). Ruth begins, “In the days when the judges ruled” (Ruth 1:1, ESV).1This means the events seen in Ruth occurred sometime between the judges Othniel (Judges 3) and Samson (Judges 13-16).2There are two geographical entries mentioned in this book. The first is the city of Bethlehem (“House of Bread”) in Judea. Bethlehem is situated in the southern section of the Judean Hills, approximately 6 or 7 miles south of Jerusalem. Second is Ruth’s hometown of Moab, which is located on the east side of the Dead Sea near the modern-day kingdom of Jordan. Ruth takes place at a time of peace between Israel and Moab, which is in stark oppositionto the previous book of Judges, which presents a period of moral evil and external oppression. Although there was peace between Israel and Moab, there was a lack of peace between Israel andGod, as Israel’s unfaithfulness and disloyalty to the ways of God had grown.3Because of Israel’s unfaithfulness and disloyalty God brought judgments upon his people, judgments that included conflicts and famines (Ruth 1:1). The beautiful narrative in the book of Ruth begins with a crisis,a famine in the land of Bethlehem. It is this famine that leads to hope. Hope through Ruth’s loyalty to Naomi (Ruth 2:6-18), hope through Ruth’s relationship to Boaz (2:1-4:16), and hope through Ruth’s great-grandson, David (4:17-22). 1 Unless otherwise noted, all biblical passages referenced employ the English Standard Version.

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