final - Civil War 4 Results: 1. Abolished slavery 2....

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Civil War 4 Results: 1. Abolished slavery 2. Established the principle that federal law was supreme 3. Intensified the industrial revolution 4. Democratic government was strong enough to ensure its own survival US Strategy: 1. Anaconda plan Gain control of miss. River Is an effective blockade of Southern ports (tight naval blockade) Strike heartland of confederacy (Richmond) 2. Keep foreign countries out of war 3. Hold border states CSA Strategy: 1. Defensive-let them come to us 2. Prevent blockade 3. Cotton diplomacy- use it to bring England and France on their side Bethel, VA o First time NC soldiers fight o First NC soldier killed- Wyatt Hatteras Inlet o 2 forts- Hatteras and Clark o Federal Army captures this area Roanoke Island 1
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o Burnside- US general that takes this area New Bern o Burnside captures also Burnside gets all of coast except Wilmington; remains throughout the war Shelton Laurel in Mountains- confederate troops massacred some unionists who were loyal to US NC men who joined US Army called Buffaloes Quaker Belt- where people who wanted peace, unionists o Heroes of America-Red Strings: secret organization in quarter belt who were working to reunite with US Emancipation Proclamation- Lincoln o Freed all the slaves who were then within those states that were in rebellion against US o Was an important war-time measure intended to injure confederate war effort by denying Confederacy labor and wealth of those slaves that wanted to run away and reach union lines o About 17000 slaves gained freedom by escaping EFFECTS ON NC: 1. Occupied area-slaves free 2. 1000s slaves ran away 3. Added to white fear 4. Slaves contributed to US war effect 2
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5. Black troops- African Brigade 6 Reasons NC dissatisfied with war: 1. Battlefield losses: casualties, disease 2. Shortages 3. Conscription (draft) a. Substitution- can hire someone to fight for you b. 20 Negro Law- if you owned 20 or more slaves you didn’t have to fight 4. Impressment- if confederate government needed supplies they could come on your farm and take it. Give you money but it isn’t worth anything. 5. Suspension of Habeas Corpus a. You cannot be arrested and held without trial b. Can only hold you for 24 hours 3
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c. Martial law- civil law is suspended and military law in effect 6. Tax-in-kind a. Law that said every farm has to give 1o% of production to confederate government War referred to as “rich man’s war, poor man’s fight” Peace movement o WW Holden- owns newspaper-main spokesperson for peace Governor Election of 1864 o Candidates: Holden- peace negotiations Vance- supports confederate war efforts o Vance wins 1. He managed to keep NC committed to war, despite large peace movement 2. He operated NC blockade runners effectively-troops well supplied Advance: fast ships would go out to the port to Bahamas for supplies D.H. Hill- New Bern o Confederate General that attacked New Bern, attack fails George Pickett- New Bern
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final - Civil War 4 Results: 1. Abolished slavery 2....

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