Personality Therory

Personality Therory - Partial reinforcement Continuous...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 3/19/11 Personality Theory Presentation: Behavioralism and Social-learning
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3/19/11 Behavioralist Tradition Ø Explores behavior through observation Ø Behavior shaped by environment Ø Ideas date back to Aristotle
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3/19/11 Tabula rasa and John Locke Ø Based upon John Locke’s doctrine Ø Tabula rasa – “blank slate” Ø No innate content Ø Thesis favors “nurture”
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3/19/11 Classical Conditioning Ø Multi-level approach in methods of learning Ø Associative learning : where and what ? Ø Learning and memories Ø Low-level form of learning Ø Stimulus – reinforcer - behavior
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3/19/11 Key Concepts of Classical Conditioning Four Basic Elements: Ø Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) – [meat] Ø Unconditioned Response (UCR) – [salivation]
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3/19/11 Operant Conditioning Ø Instrumental Conditioning Ø Associative learning Ø Shaping behavior Ø Rewards and punishments : reinforcers – positive and negative
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3/19/11 Key Concepts of Operant Conditioning Ø Reinforcers: continuous and partial Ø Rewards and punishment
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3/19/11 Reinforcers
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Unformatted text preview: Partial reinforcement Continuous reinforcement Conditioned generalized reinforcers money Extinction Two general classes :( Arnold Buss, 1986). 1.) Stimulation rewards 3/19/11 Social-learning Theories Julian Rotter introduced cognition in Behavioralism Expectancies and values probabilities Reinforcement value 3/19/11 Banduras Social-learning Theory Four Steps of Observational Learning: Attention: characteristics and modeling stimuli Retention: remembering (mental images) Motor reproduction processes: reproducing the image 3/19/11 Self-efficacy Four sources of self-efficacy: Performance accomplishments success or failure attempts Vicarious experience provides comparison of personal competence Verbal persuasion being told by 3/19/11 WORKS CITIED: o McAdams,(2006). The person: A new introduction to personality psychology. (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley &Sons....
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Personality Therory - Partial reinforcement Continuous...

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