ecn152-lecture14

ecn152-lecture14 - Economics152: EconomicsofEducation...

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Economics 152:   Economics of Education Professor Scott Carrell Lecture 15:  School Accountability –  Evidence 
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Motivations • Last time:  introduction to school  accountability – Characteristics of accountability programs  – Why accountability should work – Why accountability might not work • Test scores are a noisy measure of school output • Perverse behavioral responses to incentives • Today:  more on behavioral responses
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Overview of Today’s Lecture • Jacob (2003) – Evidence from Chicago’s accountability program – Intended effects:  math and reading test scores – Unintended effects:  special education placement,  under-reporting of test scores, grade retention • Figlio and Winicki (2002) – Evidence from Virginia’s accountability program – Unintended effects:  changing school menus
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• Implemented 1996-97 • Required administration of Iowa Test of Basic  Skills (ITBS)  – Reading and math (“high stakes” tests/subjects) – 3 rd , 6 th , and 8 th  grades (“high stakes” grades) Chicago’s Accountability Program
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• Teachers held accountable for ITBS scores – Schools on probation if <15% of students meet  national norms on ITBS Sanctions:   teachers and administrators might be  dismissed; schools reconstituted • Students also held accountable for ITBS scores – Students must meet minimum standards on ITBS 
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ecn152-lecture14 - Economics152: EconomicsofEducation...

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