1b. Macro-Evolution-1 - PRIMATES I. PRIMATE TAXONOMY III....

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1 PRIMATES •I. PRIMATE TAXONOMY III. GENERAL TRAITS OF EACH TAXA •III. PRIMATE TRAITS & THEIR UNQIUE TRAITS IV. HYPOTHESIS ABOUT THE ORIGIN OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL & BEHAVIORAL TRAITS THAT CHARACTERIZE PRIMATES I.PRIMATE TAXONOMY ORDER OF PRIMATES PRIMATE SUBORDERS A. Prosimian a. Tarsier, Lemurs, Lorises B. Anthropoids 1. Monkeys a. New World monkeys b. Old World monkeys 2. Hominoids a. b. Great Apes (Orangutan, Gorilla, Chimpanzee, Bonobos 3. Humans PRIMATE TAXONOMY Ceboidea
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2 SUB-ORDER: PROSIMII SPECIES 1. Lorises of Asia (India) and Africa 2. Tarsiers of Indonesia and the Philippines 3. Lemurs of Madagascar and Galagos of Africa GENERAL TRAITS Retain certain more ancestral characteristics: •moist, feshy pad (rhinarium) at the end oF their nose •Relatively long snout •pronounced reliance on olFaction (sense oF smell) mark territories with scent •presence oF a claw on the second toe • Diet primarily insectivore SUBORDER: Prosimian: a. Tarsier SUB-0RDER PROSIMII ( a) Lemur (b ) Lorises tardigradus from Southeast Asia Prosimians as a group are more similar anatomically to their earlier mammalian ancestors than are the other primates.
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3 SUB-0RDER PROSIMII: Lemurs Prosimians as a group are more similar anatomically to their earlier mammalian ancestors than are the other primates. SUB-ORDER: PROSIMII GENERAL TRAITS •Dental specialization characterized by forward-curved incisors and canines known as the "dental comb." •Brain size & manipulative capabilities not well developed. SUB-ORDER: ANTROPOID NEW WORLD MONKEY: Platyrrhines (Fat noses) Super family : Ceboidea Family: Callitrichids Species Cebids Species : 30 such as Howler monkey, Spider monkey, Capuchin etc.)
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4 SUB-ORDER: ANTROPOID NEW WORLD MONKEY: Platyrrhines (fat noses) Super family : Ceboidea Family: Callitrichids Goeldis marmoset Golden-headed Lion Tamarin SUB-ORDER: ANTHROPOID NEW WORLD MONKEY : Super Family: Ceboidea; Family: Cebid Species: Howler Monkey Squirrel Monkey SUB-ORDER: ANTHROPOID NEW WORLD MONKEY : Super Family: Ceboidea; Family: Cebid Capuchin monkey and Muriquis monkey
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5 SUB-ORDER: ANTROPOID NEW WORLD MONKEY: Platyrrhines (fat noses) General As a group New World Monkeys anatomically & behaviorally are more similar to the other advanced primates than to prosimians Behavioral Traits 2 .Most are polygenous, except For Marmosets & Tamarins that are monogamous, 3. Increased parental care 4. Increased gestation and maturation periods 5. More mutual grooming SUB-ORDER: ANTROPOID NEW WORLD MONKEY: Platyrrhines (fat noses) Morphological Traits 1. Relatively larger & more convoluted brain Larger brain
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2011 for the course ANTHRBIO 364 taught by Professor Frisancho during the Spring '10 term at University of Michigan.

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1b. Macro-Evolution-1 - PRIMATES I. PRIMATE TAXONOMY III....

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