ec4a2e5e6c41952e5826d1fa50848df9 - Spanish IV - Exam 1 -...

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PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE REVIEW Common form : (verb is subjunctive unless otherwise stated) - Subject1 + Verb1 + “que” + Subject2 + Verb2 - Impersonal Expression + “que” + Subject + Verb - Subject1 + Verb of Emotion (Indicative) + “que” + Subject2 + Verb2 - Ojalá (que) + Verb (subjunctive) - Subject1 + Verb of Doubt (Indicative) + “que” + Subject1 or 2 + Verb2 -ar (hablar) -er (comer) -ir (salir) hablE comA salgA hablES comAS salgAS hablE comA salgA hablEMOS comAMOS salgAMOS hablEN comEN salgEN Common irregular verbs : DAR que dé des demos den ESTAR que esté estés esté estemos estén HABER que haya hayas haya hayamos hayan IR que vaya vayas vaya vayamos vayan SABER que sepa sepas sepa sepamos sepan SER que sea seas sea seamos sean HACER que haga hagas haga hagamos hagan Impersonal expressions : es aconsejable es fantastic qué bueno es probable es buena/mala idea es horrible/terrible qué lástima/pena puede ser es bueno/malo es lamentable que sorpresa es evidente es importante es maravilloso que vergüenza es obvio es major es una lástima/pena es imposible es verdad/es cierto es necesario es raro es improbable es seguro es preferible es una vergüenza es posible no cabe duda (de) Other irregulars : Stem-changing verbs in the present subjunctive ending in –ar or –er have the same stem changes as in the present indicative tense - almorzar que almuerce, almuerces, almuerce, almorcemos, almuercen - querer que quiera, quieras, quiera, queramos, quieran Stem-changing verbs ending in –ir have the same stem changes in the present subjunctive as in the present indicative except for the nosotros form, which requires a separate stem change - mentir que mienta, mientas, mienta, mintamos, mientan
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- morir que muera, mueras, muera, muramos, mueran - pedir que pida, pidas, pida, pidamos, pidan PRESENT PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE REVIEW + past participle (-ar -ado … -er/-ir -ido) Affirming and Negating Affirmative Negative todo everything nada nothing, (not) anything) algo something “” todos/as OR todo el mundo everyone nadie no one muchas/pocas personas many/few people “” alguien someone “” siempre always nunca/jamás never muchas veces many times “” con frecuencia/a menudo frequently “” a veces sometimes “” una vez once “” 1. Two common ways to create sentences with negative expressions : no + verb + negative word (Esa mujer no me auyda jamás .) OR negative word + verb (Esa mujer jamás me ayuda
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2011 for the course CMST 1150 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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ec4a2e5e6c41952e5826d1fa50848df9 - Spanish IV - Exam 1 -...

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