geol - Geology www.geol.unt.edu T.Boone pickens net worth...

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Geology www.geol.unt.edu T.Boone pickens – net worth $3 billion from TX oil, gas, water, wind b. 1938 . Actions and Consequences - oil drilling o Need for electrical gasoline, fuel, etc… - Leak, spill gusher . Sulfar Miners - inhale sulfar – life span: 30 years . Geologist help interpret the earth’s puzzle Try to protect us from ourselves Geology = jewelry (minerals) Harrison Shmitt, geologist on moon 1972 Dr. James Reilly spacewalker June 2007 37016 ft. world’s largest land – based drilling geology is an eclectic science - eclectic – to select from various systems, doctrines, or sources. Composed of material gathered from various sources, systems, etc… . Aristotle, 384-322 BC - student brought him a fish fossil he said sometimes fish live motionless in a rock . Bishop Usher, 1581-1656 - Earth formed on, might fall before October 23, 4004 BC . Doctrine of Catastrophism generally is associated French naturalist Baron Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) Popular in 18 th and 19 th century James Hutton, 1726-1797 - Siccar Point, Jedburgh, Scotland He saw missing time from the erotion . John Playfair Charles Lyell, 1797 -1875 wrote: - Principles of geology – being an attempt to explain the former changes of the earth’s surface Understanding The Concept of Time e Two methods: absolute and relative Methods used for relative dating o Laws of stratigraphy . Superposition
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Original horizontality Lateral continuity Cross cutting relationships Principle of inclusion . Principle of faunal succession Principle of floral succession o Radiometric decay scale The geologic time scale . In use today. Was constructed over 132 ears using both relative and absolute dating methods Paleozoic : old/ancient Mesozoic : middle Cenozoic : recent . The Rock cycle Plate tectonics role in the formation of igneous rocks o Subduction zone . Volcanism Sedimentary deposition Metamorphism Stream systems and characteristics Mass wasting Glaciation – the big freeze Desertification Earthquakes Minerals: The building blocks of rocks e Similarly: ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny o Ontogeny – the life cycle of a single organism Phylogeny – the evolutionary development of any plant or animal Rock and minerals – grow from a single atom just as life grows from a single cell . Ionic bond Covalent bond Metallic bond o Delocalized electrons – “not fixed in one place” or “free to move” . Minerals vs. Rocks o Rock = aggregate of one or minerals (granite, marble, shale) or solid organic matter (coal) Mineral = natural occurring inorganic element or compound having an orderly internal structure and characteristic chemical composition crystal from and physical properties . An amorphous compound such as opal would be a mineraloid . Nonsilicates o Any rock or mineral that does not have at least one silicon and three
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oxygen is a nonsilicate SiO3 Ex: NaCl – halite CaC03 – calcite Ca,Mg(C03)2 – Dolomite Ca2(Mg,Fe)4Al(Si7Al)02(OH,F)2 – Hornblende . Silicate Group o Make up 75% of the crystal rocks
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geol - Geology www.geol.unt.edu T.Boone pickens net worth...

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