WHEN_WORKS_PASS_INTO_PD_Lolly_Chart - WHEN U.S WORKS PASS...

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WHEN U.S. WORKS PASS INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN By Lolly Gasaway (University of NC – Chapel Hill) Definition: A public domain work is a creative work that is not protected by copyright and which may be freely used by everyone. The reasons that the work is not protected include: (1) the term of copyright for the work has expired; (2) the author failed to satisfy statutory formalities to perfect the copyright or (3) the work is a work of the U.S. Government. DATE OF WORK PROTECTED FROM TERM Created 1-1-78 or after When work is fixed in tangible medium of expression Life + 70 years 1 (or if work of corporate authorship, the shorter of 95 years from publication, or 120 years from creation) 2 Published before 1923 In public domain None Published from 1923 - 1963 When published with notice 3 28 years + could be renewed for 47 years, now extended by 20 years for a total renewal of 67 years. If not so renewed, now in public domain Published from 1964 - 1977 When published with notice 28 years for first term; now automatic extension of 67
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