bio lecture 6 - BIO 311D LECTURE 6 Phylogenetics,...

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Unformatted text preview: BIO 311D LECTURE 6 Phylogenetics, cladistics Taxonomy = categorizing variation Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Systematics Phylogeny http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evosite/evo101/IIBPhylogenies.shtml Phylogenies and clades: how to read them Clade = an ancestor and all of its descendants Clades can be small to large, “nested” Characteristics: Shared Derived Ancestral - Parsimony link Example – Birds Beware of analogous structures! APPENDIX 2 Character-taxon matrix used for phylogenetic analysis. Pachycephalosauria -??000100000-00000-00010010-0-0000-00000000000001000-?000 0??0000000??0000000000????0?100?0?0010?00000000?000010000000?0??0 Psittacosauridae 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 1 - 0 1 1 0 0 - 1 0 1 0 0/1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 0 0 000100100000?00200000000000000011000000000101110001000020000?000000 Chaoyangosaurus 0000???2?00?00?00???0???000????????010?????????????0-0 0?20?00?100???0?100000000?0000????????????010100??11000?10?0???0 0??? Archaeoceratops 110000?01?1?10??01??0?0000010?1000?11011010??10????101 1?20?10??01???1?10010?????00?0???????0??00010011?011110110?0??000 0?? Graciliceratops ??????0?????????????0????0?????1011?1??????0??1??????1 1?2????1?01?011??00200?00????01???2??000000110?1???1110 1???????????? Bagaceratops 11?0100?11111011010000000001001101111011010001110101121 021011000110?11200200110????0???1????0???0110?1?011110?1010?11????? Protoceratops 1110100211121011010000010001002101111011010001110001121 0111111001110111002001100101010111000001001100110111101101??1111000 Asiaceratops ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? 0 1 ? ? ? 0 ? ? ? ? 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 1 0 ? 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 0 0 1 ???1?0?200?00110????01?11??????0?011??????1010?10?????????? Udanoceratops 1110000?1?11-0??1????0?0??0????????????????????????1011 11?1??1101?100020?220111????01011?01??????1?0?1???1111010???0?????? Leptoceratops 11100002111000111100000000010110100111200000010100?1011 0111101101111002002201110101010111000000001101101111110100?00110000 Montanoceratops ??????0?1?1??0??011??00????1?1?01??1112000??0?01?1?1010 02??????011011?200220111010101011200000000110?101?111111????0?11000 Prenoceratops ???000??1?1200?2011?000100011??011?11120??????0????1000 1111001001?0000200220?110???0101?20000?000?101111?1111?10?????????? Centrosaurus 111111111110011100-111101111-021011210111211101012111110 202210012101102112111101212101112101112111101221111100011110011111 Triceratops 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 - 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 - 0 2 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 2 2 1 0 0 12101102112111101212101112101112111101221111100011110011111 Zuniceratops ? 1 ? 1 0 1 ? ? 1 ? ? ? ? 1 ? 1 0 1 ? ? 1 ? ? 0 1 1 ? ? ? ? 2 ? ? 1 1 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? - ? ? ? 2 0 2 ? 1 0 0 0/1 2 ? 0 ? ? 0 2 0 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? 0 1 1 1 ? ? 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? 1 ? ? 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Cerasinops ? ? ? ? 0 ? ? ? ? ? 1 1 1 0 ? 2 0 1 ? ? 0 ? 0 ? 0 0 ? 1 ? ? 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 ? 0 0 0 ? 0 ? ? ? ? 1 0 1 1 1 1 ? ? ? ? 1 0 0 1/2 ? 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 2 2 0 ? 1 1 0 ? ? ? ? 1 ? 1 1 2 0 1 ? 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 ? ? 1 1 ? ? 1 1 1 0 1 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 0 Liaoceratops 1 1 ? 0 0 0 0 ? 1 0 1 ? 1 0 ? 0 0 1 0 0 0 ? 0 0 0 0 0 1 ? 1 1 0 ? 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 ? 0 1 0 1 0 0 - 0 0 ? 2 ? 1 1 0 ? 0 000001?00010000?0??????????????????00110011100?10?0000????? IGM 100/ 1315 101???0??0????100100?1010001111010?11011010?0?0?010101 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 311D taught by Professor Zhaimingzhao during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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