Study Guide - Final Exam Fall 2010 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ Fifty questions for the final exam will be selected from this list. 1. One fear about majority rule in a democracy is that it could lead to A. apathy on the part of elites. B. tyranny through suppression of the minority. C. public policies that benefit special-interest groups. D. control of government by career bureaucrats. E. All these answers are correct. 2. In Federalist No. 10, James Madison argued that A. government is most dangerous when a single group is powerful enough to gain full political control. B. monarchies are preferable to democracies. C. America was not diverse enough to prevent powerful interest groups from exercising too much political power. D. interest groups should be heavily regulated in America. E. interest groups are less troublesome than political parties are. 3. America's pluralism stems from A. its geographical diversity. B. its economic complexity. C. its religious diversity. D. its ethnic diversity. E. All these answers are correct. 4. A major criticism of the theory of pluralism is that A. there are no organized interest groups. B. majorities always win. C. only a small number of powerful groups are well-organized and influence policymakers. D. the needs of special interests are ignored. E. None of these answers is correct.
5. Which of the following is true about the United States? A. The candidate with the most popular votes always becomes president. B. There are forms of direct democracy at the national level. C. To protect against abuses of power, the Framers of the Constitution devised a system of checks and balances. D. Majority rule is more direct in the United States than in other European democracies. E. Senators, representatives, and presidents all have the same terms of office. 6. An idea central to the ideology of Classical Liberalism is: A. to each according to his ability, to each according to his needs. B. the role of government is to provide the greatest happiness to the largest number of people. C. society's rules should mimic the law of the jungle. D. the government that governs best governs least. E. there will be a natural progression in society towards the state ownership of the means of production. 7. The Framers of the Constitution preferred which of the following political arrangements? A. a republic as opposed to a pure democracy B. a monarchy as opposed to a constitutional system C. a pure democracy over a republic D. a pure democracy over a representative democracy E. socialism over capitalism 8. A contemporary legislator who voted for a bill even though his constituents back home overwhelmingly opposed the bill would be performing the role of A. trustee. B. delegate.
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