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Exam%201%20Study%20Guide0

Exam%201%20Study%20Guide0 - Exam#1StudyGuide Spring2011...

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POLS 3140 – Judicial Process Exam #1 Study Guide Spring 2011 To review for the exam, use your class notes and the assigned readings  to answer these questions and define these terms. If anything is unclear,  prepare concise questions for any time we may have next week for review.  Note that this is intended to be a guide to help you study and understand the  topics we have covered so far, and it is not intended to be a complete list of all  topics which may be covered on the exam. Law and the Courts What is law?  What are the sources of law in the United States? What is the hierarchy of law? What categories can be used to distinguish types of law? Why have courts?  What functions do they serve? What perspectives can be used to explain how judges make decisions  on the bench? Important Terms:  Common Law, New Judicial Federalism, Stare  Decisis The Organizations of Courts What are the different types of courts? What different functions do  they fulfill? How has the structure of the federal judicial system been created and  changed? Why was it necessary to create courts like the U.S. Magistrate and U.S. Bankruptcy courts? What important roles do they fulfill?
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What are the bases for federal court jurisdiction? What are the pros and cons of specialized courts versus general  jurisdiction courts? What forces shape the court systems of the states? What innovations have state courts adopted and for what purposes? What is court unification and what are some arguments for and against it? In what ways does the organization of courts affect their operation? What did the Supreme Court decide in  Claiborne v. United States?  What was Dorf’s concern about this decision and its impact for future  cases on similar topics? Why have there been numerous controversies over how to divide the U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeals? Why does it matter when exactly a case can be filed both in terms of  “ripeness” and in terms of the statute of limitations?
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