Exam%202%20Study%20Guide

Exam%202%20Study%20Guide - POLS 3140 Judicial Process...

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POLS 3140 – Judicial Process Exam #2 Study Guide Spring 2011 To review for the exam, use your class notes and the assigned readings to  answer these questions and define these terms. Note that this is intended to  be a guide to help you study and understand the topics we have covered so  far, and it is not intended to be a complete list of all topics which may be  covered on the exam. Trial Courts: Criminal Cases What are the different types of criminal cases? Why are decisions of whether to criminalize behaviors many times political? Who are the major participants/actors in criminal trials? What are their roles? How do they operate both independently and in concert? Why can the argument be made that prosecutors have more power than judges during criminal trials? What sorts of decisions do prosecutors get to make and why are they so important? What are the formal procedures a criminal trial must follow? Why do so many criminal cases not end in a trial? What is the impact of this? What are the different influences on whether a criminal case may make it to court – or even whether a crime will lead to an arrest? Why is plea bargaining so important? What are some of the criticisms? What is the “adversary system”? What are some problems with this system? What is the “CSI Effect”? What are the arguments for and against it? What are the different goals of sentencing? What criteria are considered? Why has there been a movement to decrease the level of discretion judges have in sentencing? What have been some of the problems that have resulted? What were some of the problems found in the “little courts” of New York? How have grand juries become another way for citizens to play a role in prosecuting crimes? What are the arguments for and against citizen-initiated grand juries? Which arguments do you agree most with and why? Important Terms: Felonies, Misdemeanors, Plea Bargain, Carey v. Musladin (2006), Arraignment, Information, Vior Dire, Jury Nullification, United States v. Booker (2005) Trial Courts: Civil Cases What are the purposes and goals of civil courts? What tools and/or remedies can courts use to achieve these goals?
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What are some of the major types of civil cases? How are they similar and how do they differ? Who are the major participants in civil cases? What are their roles? How do they operate both independently and in concert? What are the stages of a civil suit? What are the different decisions judges may make before a trial is even held? What are the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing litigation? What are the advantages and disadvantages of going to trial? How do these judgments differ from those made in criminal trials? What are the major alternatives to litigation?
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Exam%202%20Study%20Guide - POLS 3140 Judicial Process...

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