CNLectureNotesonSDT

CNLectureNotesonSDT - Motivation ~ The concept of...

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Motivation ~ The concept of motivation has been interwoven throughout theories of personality and behavior change ~ Psycho-analytic Theory ~ Operant Theory ~ Cognitive Theory
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~ Motivation means to be moved, activated, or directed into action ~ Important concepts for the study of motivation: ~ Energization – The sources of energy that give rise to behavior ~ Direction – The way in which behavior is regulated
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~ Motivation as a unified concept ~ No discussion of an impetus of motivation ~ All motivation was viewed as being external to the organism ~ The empirical focus was on how much , not what type , of motivation
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~Early Theories of Motivation ~ Clark Hull’s Drive Theory ~ Sought to determine which aspects of the environment and organism were naturally reinforcing ~ Four basic drives ~ B. F. Skinner’s Operant Theory ~ Behavior is a function of environmental reinforcements
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CNLectureNotesonSDT - Motivation ~ The concept of...

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