Culture Notes Part 2

Culture Notes Part 2 - certain circumstances o Folkways –...

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Culture Notes Part 2 Symbols - Nonverbal behavior o Edmund Hall “Silent Language” o Social Space - Gestures, Tones, Movements, Style - Meaning of objects o Consumer goods - Language o A special symbol system o First arose 40,000 years ago o Three advantages Transmit culture across generations Way to store expanding knowledge Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis - Linguistic Relativity – language influences perception - Solomon Islanders – 9 words for coconut - Aleut – 33 words for snow - Arabic – 6,000 words for camels - Agta (Phillipines) – 31 verbs for “to fish” Norms - Rules statin what human beings should (or should not) think, say or do in
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Unformatted text preview: certain circumstances o Folkways – Customary practices o Mores – Expect to be obeyed o Laws – Formal norms o Taboos – Prohibited behavior (incest)- Standards and guides for behavior o What is “natural” and normal- Largely Internalized o Learned early o Unquestioned o Reinforced Sanctions- All norms are associated with sanctions o Positive sanctions – rewards o Negative sanctions – punishment- The entire fabric of norms and sanctions in a culture reflects that culture’s values and priorities Value- Parsons – American work ethic- Merton – Success, wealth, prestige, power...
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Culture Notes Part 2 - certain circumstances o Folkways –...

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