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Sociological Paradigms

Sociological Paradigms - Sociological Paradigms...

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Sociological Paradigms / Perspectives - Structural Functional (Macro) o Key Question – How is society integrated? o Key Image – Society is like an organism Parts are highly independent All members of a society benefit by fulfilling roles o People are socialized to perform needed functions o Order maintained through cooperation / consensus o Anything that exists must serve a function otherwise it would not contuinue – survival o Manifest and Latent Functions Manifest – Intended or stated purpose (education to prepare to assume needed positions in society) Latent – unintended or unstated (education as marriage pool, keep youth out of employment market) - Conflict (Macro) o How is society divided (in conflict)? o Society is comprised of conflicting interests Some groups prosper at expense of others (win- lose) o Social order is maintained through force / coercion (police, military, ideology)
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o Social institutions reproduce inequality o Inequality is widespread o Change occurs constantly - Interactionist / Constructivist (Micro)
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