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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY/SOCIOLOGY 350: Winter 08 EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE The following are given to help guide you in your studying. This is not a comprehensive review but should get you started on some of the key concepts that were covered in your text and/or in class. If you have any questions please call (422-1324) or e-mail me email@example.com Chapter 6- and lecture on Conformity 1. Know the difference between conformity- change in behavior as result of real or imagined group pressure, diff from how you would think when alone, 3 types( compliance, obedience, acceptance) , compliance- publicly acting in accord with an implied or explicit request while privately disagreeing- ex- putting on a necktie, to avoid a punishment , and obedience- acting in accord with a direct order or command 2. Know the conformity studies done by Asch-jewish Passover, door open for Elijah to drink wine, the lines of different height experiment- people conformed, even wo benefits 3. Know the obedience studies done by Milgram- obedience comes from victims emotional distance, authoritys closeness and legitimacy, whtere authority was part or respected institution, and liberating effects of disobedient fellow participant 4. How does group size 3-5 elicit more conformity than 1-2, inc number beyond 5 yields diminishing returns, two groups of 3 dlicited more than 1 group of 6 , unanimity-hard to be only one , status- higher status equals more impact , prior commitment- restrain persuasion, once they have made a public commitment they stick to it & cohesion- more cohesive more power it gains over members influence conformity? 5. Know the difference between normative- conformity based on persons desire to fulfill others expectations, often to gain acceptance and informational- accept evidence about reality provided by other people, desire to BE RIGHT, not LIKED influence 6. Know how people resist social pressure (e.g., reactance)- reactance- motive to protect or restore ones sense of freedom, arises when someone threatens our freedom of action, often causes rebellion, ex- underage drinking. Asserting uniqueness- Chapter 8- and lecture on Group Influence 1. Know the conditions under which Social Facilitation may occur- social facilitation- tendency of people to perform simple or well learned tasks better when others are present, strengthening of dominant responses in presence of others. Mere presence of others- improves performance when task is simple, hinders when task is difficult. , and the role of arousal- enhances whatever response tendency is dominant. Inc arousal enhances performance on easy tasks for which the mosk likely, or dominant, response is the correct one. On complex tasks, for which the answer is NOT dominant, increased arousal promotes INCORRECT responding. Arousal boosts performance on easy tasks and hurts on difficult. on difficult....
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- Fall '10