READING QUESTIONS

READING QUESTIONS - CHAPTER 1 1.Reality- that which is real...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 1 1.Reality- that which is real (is, was, and always will be), Truth- truth is knowledge of what is, was and always will be. THEREFORE- truth is the knowledge of reality 2. How do we know something? 1.experience- trial and error 2. Tenacity-tradition 3. authority- estab. Beliefs 4. Intuition- agrees with reason 5. science- scientific method 6. theology- revelation and inspiration 3. 4 Everyday Errors 1.Overgeneralization- all cats are indoor cats, because the only 2 cats I saw were indoors 2.Selective or inaccurate observation-the observed the cats at the outside door only once. But maybe isf she let them out several times, they would become fore comfortable with going out 3. Illogical reasoning- she assumed that other people feel guilty about keeping cats indoors, maybe they don’t 4. Resistance to change- she was quick to conclude she had no need to change her approach, already had her own routines 4. 4 Main goals of social research 1.Description-social phenomena are defined and described 2. Exploration-seeks to find out how people get along in the setting under question, what meanings they give to their actions, and what issues concern them 3. Explanation-identify causes and effects of social phenomena and to predict how one phenomenon will change or vary in response to variation in another phenomenan 4. Evaluation- determining impact of social programs 5. Science - an objective, accurate, systematic analysis of a determinant body of empirical data, in order to discover recurring relationships among phenomena. 1.Objective- unbiased, things as they really are 2. Systematic- methodical, regular procedure 3. Deterministic- everything occurs is a function of a finite number of causes, if cause is known event can be predicted Scientific method-the ideas, rules, norms, techniques, and approaches that the scientific community values 5. 5 Norms of Scientific Community 1. Universalism- irrespective of who conducts research 2.Organized Skepticism- scientists should scrutinize evidence intensly 3.Disintrestedness- scientists must be neutral 4. communalism- knowledge must be shared with others 5. Honesty- demand honesty in research 6. 2 Goals of Science- 1. Description- what is out there? 2. Explanation- Why? Meaning -objective is to make scientific knowledge claims (Replication) CHAPTER 2
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1.A “good” research question FEASIBILITY given the time and resources available to finish investigation SOCIAL IMPORTANCE- will ? make a difference in social world SCIENTIFIC RELEVANCE- does ? help to resolve contradictory research findings in social theory 2.Social Theory-logically interrelated set of propositions about empirical reality (ex- the social world as it actually exists) ex- deterrence theory (crime and punishment)vs. labeling th.- labeled is deviant Role of Theory in Research- they help us make connections to general social processes and large bodies of research. 3. Major steps in research process-
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/21/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 328 taught by Professor Dufur during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

Page1 / 19

READING QUESTIONS - CHAPTER 1 1.Reality- that which is real...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online