Hum Dev Exam 3

Hum Dev Exam 3 - Review for Exam#3 Semantics vocabulary the...

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Review for Exam #3 Semantics- vocabulary, the way underlying concepts are expressed in words and word combo’s Grammer- 2 main parts -syntax- rules by which words are arranged into sentences -morphology- use of grammatical markers indicating number, tense, case, person, gender, active, or passive voice, and other meanings Language Acquisition device (Chomsky)- system that permits them, once they have acquired cufficient vocab, to combine words into grammatically consisten, novel utterences and to understand the meaning of sentences they hear Joint attention- child attends to the same object or event as the caregiver Language Development Strategies- -syntactic bootstrapping- preschoolers discover many word meanings by observing how words are used in syntax or the structure of sentences -telegraphic speech- two word utterences, focus on high-content words and omit smaller, less important ones -fast- mapping- children can connect new word with an underlying concept after only a brief encounter Common Language Errors -overextension- applying a word to a broader collection of objects and events than is appropriate -underextension- apply words too narrowly -overregularization- apply a regular morphological rule- extend it to words that are exceptions Comprehension- the language they understand (develops ahead of… Production- the language they use Referential Style-their vocabularies consist mainly of words that refer to objects Expressive Style- compared with referential children, they produce many more specific formulas and pronouns Chapter 2 Functions of Emotion-express your readiness to establish, maintain, or change your relation to the environment on a matter of importance to you -functionalists- emotions are to energize behavior aimed at attaining personal goals Emotional self regulation- strategies we use to adjust the intensity or duration of our emotional reaction to a comfortable level so we can accomplish our goals Emotional display rules- specify when, where, and how it is appropriate to express emotions Social Referencing- involves relying on another person’s emotional reaction to appraise an uncertain situation Temperment Easy- quickly establishes regular routines in infancy, is generally cheerful, and adapts easily to new
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