Deborah Symonds essay 2.docx - From Abbas Jumani To Deborah...

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From: Abbas Jumani To Deborah SymondsMughal & Ottoman EmpiresI have chosen the Mughal and Ottoman empires to compare for my essay. The Mughal empirewas a self-designated Indian empire. The Ottoman empire was a Turkish empire. I plan onfocusing on the comparison of these two empires economy, military, religions, and their rulerssimilarities and differences. Also, the relationship the two empires have with one another and theconnections I made between the empires while researching them further.The economy policies among the two empires were different and the same in multiple ways.Most of Mughal Empire’s economy came from agriculture, trade and other industries in theirregion. Out of those agriculture had the biggest play in the Mughal economy. The main sourcesof agricultural during the Mughal’s time included millets, oilseeds, cereals, hemp, chilli,sugarcane, cotton, indigo, betel and other cash crops. Urbanization and fixed markets alsohelped expand the economy in Mughal Empire. At first just the weekly market was popular.Eventually several trade centers were created in prospering cities with the growth of theeconomy. The Ottoman Empire’s economy was similar to the Mughal’s economy because of thegreat need for agriculture. Although the Ottoman’s focused mainly on trade as their economicsupport. The city of Istanbul was the crossroads of trade between the East and West. Some ofthe goods traded were; silk, tea, spices and porcelain. The Black Sea and southern Russiaprovided furs, grain, and amber. Europe provided mirrors and drugs. The Ottomans used theSeljuk caravan stops which were about 25 miles apart on the main trade routes. The twoempires used agriculture and trade just one more than the other. Both empires focused on tradenetworks in Middle Asia, East Asia, and China.

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