CommunityCapitals - Community Capitals Framework and...

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Unformatted text preview: Community Capitals Framework and Sustainable Communities Cornelia Butler Flora Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor of Sociology Iowa State University Director, North Central Regional Center for Rural Development Rural Studies Research Seminar July 4, 2006 University of Guelph Market State Civil Society Sustainability requires all three sectors to be engaged Market State Civil Society Sometimes, everything is geared around the market Market State Civil Society In other situations, the state determines everything, such as this diagram of Bulgaria pre-1989 Market State Civil Society Goal: Balance among the sectors However, each sector has multiple levels and multiple actors are each level – sometime in conflict. Market State Civil Society &$3,7$/ Resources invested to create new resources over a long time horizon Built Capital Financial Capital Natural Capital Vital Economy Social Inclusion Healthy Ecosystem Cultural Capital Human Capital Political Capital Social Capital 1$785$/ &$3,7$/ • • • • • Air quality, wind and sun Water -- quantity and quality Soil and minerals –brownfields Biodiversity- wildlife and plants Landscape Natural capital provides possibilities and limits to human action. It influences and is influenced by human actions. Sustainable, healthy ecosystems with multiple community benefits • human communities plan and act in concert with natural systems • ecosystems are used for multiple community benefits • those with alternative uses of the ecosystem seek common ground • Cosmovision – spirituality • Symbols-sense of place • Ways of knowing • Language-history • Ways of acting • Definition of what is problematic &8/785$/ &$3,7$/how Cultural capital determines we see the world, what we take for granted, what we value, and what things we think possible to change. Hegemony allows one social group to impose its symbols and reward system on other groups. &8/785$/ &$3,7$/ • CulturalLocal and traditional knowledge is differences are appreciated and enhanced recognized and valued. • Traditional knowledge and historical places are maintained • Communities are willing to take the time to understand and build on different ways of knowing and doing. • Education, including distance • Skills • Health • Self-esteem, Self-efficacy +80$1 &$3,7$/ The characteristics and potentials of individuals that are determined by the intersection of nature (genetics) and nurture (social interactions and the environment) Increased use of the knowledge, skills, and abilities of local people • Identify capacities • Enhance capacities • Recombine capacities • • • • mutual trust reciprocity groups collective identity • sense of shared future • working together The interactions among individuals that occur with a degree of frequency and comfort. Bonding social capital consists of interactions within a specific group and bridging social capital consists of interactions among different social groups. 62&,$/ &$3,7$/ 62&,$/ &$3,7$/ • Bonding – Tight, exclusive networks – Strong distinction between insiders and outsiders – Single answer focus • Bridging – Open and flexible networks – Permeable and open boundaries – Legitimization of alternatives Dimensions of Social Capital: Implications for Community Development Bridging + Clientalism Change driven by goals of outsiders Bonding Progressive Participation Change driven by communitydetermined goals - + Strong Boundaries Communities resists change; often groups within the community don’t trust each other and do not cooperate Extreme individualism Rich solve problems through financial capital. Poor have few options - • • Building first on internal resources • Looking for alternative ways to respond to constant changes • Loss of the victim mentality • Loss of cargo cult mentality Improved community initiative, responsibility, and Shared vision adaptability 32/,7,&$/ &$3,7$/ • • • • Organization Connections Voice Power Political capital is the ability of a group to influence standards, regulations and enforcement of those regulations that determine the distribution of resources and the ways they are used. • People who share a vision for a sustainable future are organized and work together • They know and feel comfortable around powerful people as well as those often excluded • They make sustainability part of the political agenda 32/,7,&$/ &$3,7$/ Increased voice and influence ),1$1&,$/ &$3,7$/ • Savings • Debt capital • Investment capital • Tax revenue • Tax abatements • Grants • Philanthropy Forms of currency used to increase capacity. Financial capital is often privileged because it is easy to measure, and there is a tendency to put other capitals into financial capital terms. • Reduced poverty • Increased efficiency • Increased economic diversity • Increased assets of those who live in the community Appropriately diverse and healthy economy • • • • • • • Sewers & water systems Plants Machinery Transportation Human-constructed Electronic communication infrastructure used as tools Soccer fields for production of other Housing capitals %8,/7 &$3,7$/ BUILT CAPITAL Physical infrastructure that enhances other community capitals because – It serves multiple users – It can be locally maintained and improved – It links local people together equitably – It links local people, institutions and businesses to the outside Spiraling of Capital Assets Spiraling down Loss of jobs. Decline in population. Decline in per capital income. Loss of generational wealth transfer. Spiraling of Capital Assets Local philanthropy provides ongoing funding. Cultural capital increases. Involve youth; Support entrepreneurship; Capture 10% of wealth transfer. Bridging social capital brings outside expertise together with internal wisdom. Spiraling up Built Capital Financial Capital Natural Capital Vital Economy Social Inclusion Healthy Ecosystem Cultural Capital Human Capital Political Capital Social Capital ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2011 for the course IAS 220 taught by Professor Dixon during the Fall '09 term at BYU.

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