Deeper_Understanding_of_Framework_2005

Deeper_Understanding_of_Framework_2005 - Toward a Deeper...

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Copyright © 2005 by aha! Process, Inc. • www.ahaprocess.com 1 Toward a Deeper Understanding of Issues Surrounding Poverty: A Response to Critiques of A Framework for Understanding Poverty Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D., and Philip DeVol People in poverty face challenges virtually unknown to those in the middle class or wealth— challenges from both obvious and hidden sources. A Framework for Understanding Poverty provides practical and respectful strategies for addressing the impact of poverty on people’s lives. Several critiques of the book A Framework for Understanding Poverty have surfaced. They have centered around the following arguments: 1. The book does not address systems issues and therefore is a racist and classist model. 2. The book presents a deficit model and is oppressive because it identifies strategies for people to use to adapt to the school and work environments. 3. The book is based on inaccurate generalizations and is not legitimate research. 4. Race and class are inseparable, and one cannot be examined without the other. Critique #1. The book does not address systems issues and therefore is a racist and classist model. Research on poverty can be clustered into four major areas (see chart on next page). ! Behaviors of the Individual ! Human and Social Capital in the Community ! Exploitation ! Political/Economic Structures All have validity. The debates and arguments arise over which clusters of research one cites and believes come closest to dealing most effectively with the issues.
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Copyright © 2005 by aha! Process, Inc. • www.ahaprocess.com 2 CAUSES OF POVERTY Behaviors of the Individual Human and Social Capital in the Community Exploitation Political/Economic Structures Definition: Research on the choices, behaviors, characteristics, and habits of people in poverty. Definition: Research on the resources available to individuals, communities, and businesses. Definition: Research on how people in poverty are exploited because they are in poverty. Definition: Research on the economic, political, and social policies at the international, national, state, and local levels. Sample topics: Dependence on welfare Morality Crime Single parenthood Breakup of families Intergenerational character traits Work ethic Racism and discrimination Commitment to achievement Spending habits Addiction, mental illness, domestic violence Planning skills Orientation to the future Language experience Sample topics: Intellectual capital Social capital Availability of jobs Availability of well- paying jobs Racism and discrimination Availability and quality of education Adequate skill sets Childcare for working families Decline in neighborhoods Decline in social morality Urbanization Suburbanization of manufacturing Middle-class flight City and regional planning Sample topics: Drug trade Racism and discrimination Payday lenders Sub-prime lenders Lease/purchase outlets Gambling Temp work Sweatshops Sex trade Internet scams Sample topics: Globalization Equity and growth
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Deeper_Understanding_of_Framework_2005 - Toward a Deeper...

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