Hon 110 Notes 2 7 11

Hon 110 Notes 2 7 11 - Hon 110 Notes Kate Winthrol 2/7/11...

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Hon 110 Notes Kate Winthrol 2/7/11 Persian Wars 490 (Ionia Greeks ask help) -rebel against Persians (Turkey area of Greece) Persian emperor furious 490 Persians start to attack Darius (Persian king) sends heralds to Athens and Sparta for token (earth and water) Athens - kills Sparta- throw down well (here can find earth and water) Persians sails across to Greece (marathon) Marathon 26 miles away from Athens Marathon is 26 miles (commemorate for marathon) Athens has three choices, fight persians in Marathon, fight in another place, fight here in Athens Only one city state helped Athens to fight Persians Think about 8000 to 10000 Greeks (mostly Athens) 25 – 50,000 Persians
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Sparta did not help out Bow & Arrow most used weapon for Persians -sword and spear not really used Greek hoplites heavily armed Persians not heavily armed Persians use cavalry, horse riding Greeks don’t use horse riding- due to rugged terrain and horses were expensive to keep and raise During this time no country defeated Persians Time for hoplites to see if can win battles Greeks (General Militiades) Greeks shocked because Persians wear long pants, and first time to see Persians Two armies in Marathon and 8 days wait Dawn on 9 th day Greeks attack General Militiades used innovative battle strategies and needed to get close combat Across field of arrows March until arrows can reach, then ran Persians thought army of mad men Olympics game and race in armor Trained to fight and run in armor
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Persian lines break, Greeks break into Persian lines Persians retreat, Greeks follow Greeks lost 192 men out of 10,000, 7,000 Persian men die In hoplite, slaves present with Greeks Slaves carry armor and weapons According to legend, sent runner back 26 miles and runner said Nike (Nike is goddess of victory) Then runner dropped dead Conclusions of battle, no way Greeks should’ve won Athenians won because they said we were superior (Greek civilization was superior) General Militiades sent soldiers to run, without this Greeks would’ve died by arrows Right moment attacked Persians too Persians sail home to fight another day Loss of Marathon – angered Persians and pride 480 (ten years go by) Darius’s son Xerxes takes over Xerxes plans to fight Greeks (gather largest army) Fact scare some city states 31 Greek City States together to fight for homeland
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Hon 110 Notes 2 7 11 - Hon 110 Notes Kate Winthrol 2/7/11...

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