Hon 110 Notes 2 23 11 - Hon 110 Notes Kate Winthrol 2 23 11...

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Hon 110 Notes Kate Winthrol 2 23 11 Greek Society Continue to struggle Stalemate of struggle Refuse to cooperate- rise of Philip II of Macedonia Macedonia much richer than Greece Minor Kingdom – Monarch Would seize Greece Rise and attack Persia Geographically and Cultural basically infringes of Greece Macedonian though themselves of Greek and spoke a dialect of Greek Nobles had to learn classical Greek Look down on Mainland Greek Greece though Macedonians as lesser form of Greeks Phillip smart rules, consolidates power, and organizes army Strength in military army Has professional army – mercenaries Instead of infantry/hoplites, he made spears much longer and needed two hands Used phalanx, and transformed and where it can move in battle lines and put into shapes Porcupine shaped look
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Used cavalry Innovations in military Changed armor, less heavy and allowed to make more mobile Hoplites gone in this era Macedonia had small middle class Hoplites to democracy and city states all gone Macedonia had professional soldiers, in which fighting is a job and get paid Phillip embarked in which make all southern Greek city states to join forces 338 Chaeronea battle between Athens and Thebes Last battle in which Greeks independent After Greeks never independent – because of Romans and Ottoman Greece will never make foreign policy and be independent until 1832 Polis still exists Phillip man of appetite and notorious womanizer Numerous lovers and numerous children Revenge of Persia, killed by lover and possibly lover to secure position for Alexander the Third (Alexander the Great) Many historians he was just arrogant blood thirsty warrior Other historians thought of him philosopher and wanted ethnic and diverge culture
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Alexander was 20 when Phillip was killed Next 12 years defeats Persian Empire and took trips all the way to India and lands unknown Alexander mother was fierceful woman Had close relationship with mother First appears boy and tames black horse Horse was called Bucephalas Took horse into sun, because horse was afraid of shadow 13, Aristotle taught Alexander 40 years old when Aristotle when taught Alexander Alexander appreciated Aristotle teachings Alexander loved the Iliad and thought of him and exemplified himself as Achilles Alexander mother told Alexander was son of Zeus Alexander always carried Iliad along with Aristotle notes Way to Asia paid special pilgrimage Unlike Achilles, he has no Homer to sing of his deeds 500 years after Iliad
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2011 for the course HON 110 H taught by Professor Wintrol during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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Hon 110 Notes 2 23 11 - Hon 110 Notes Kate Winthrol 2 23 11...

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