Theory Paper - L indsay Ratcliffe Close 5 Poetry Theory...

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Lindsay Ratcliffe Close 5 Poetry Theory Paper April 1, 2010 Poe’s Philosophy of Composition Applied to Annabel Lee Edgar Allan Poe is known for his melancholy poems. In Poe’s Philosophy of Composition, he explains the phenomenon; why he writes his poems with such a gloomy tone. Poe also explains some of his other preferences and theories. Although Poe applies those theories to “The Raven”, his theories can be applied to a several of his poems. One of these poems is “Annabel Lee”. Poe uses his theories on refrain and topic choice to refer back to his preference of a melancholy tone. Poe believes that the best way to write a poem is to write from experience rather than inspiration. Looking back into Poe’s past, his life experiences are filled with sorrow and death. He explains that, “The tone of its highest manifestation-and all experience has shown that this tone is one of sadness” (Philosophy 14). He is saying that a melancholy tone is relatable, because most individuals have experienced sadness. This creates a parallel between the poet and the reader. Poe not only believes that a saddened tone is a respectable choice of tone, but it is the most logical tone. Poe states, “Melancholy is thus the most legitimate of all the poetical tones” (Philosophy 14). Poe’s poem “Annabel Lee” is a perfect example of a gloomy tone. The best way to show this tone is through the language and gloomy diction used in
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“Annabel Lee”. Poe uses words such as “chilling”, “envying”, “killing”,
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Theory Paper - L indsay Ratcliffe Close 5 Poetry Theory...

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