Soc 216 Exam 3 notes

Soc 216 Exam 3 notes - SOC Exam 3 10/25/2010 Families and...

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SOC Exam 3 10/25/2010 Families and Parenting normative: on average, this is how things happen. A (Brief) History of the American Family American families different from European families People married for love More emotional warmth Decline in wife beating and corporal punishment Women and men both worked in and around their homes Fathers took large roles in raising children, especially sons …Then came the Industrial Revolution Work moved away from home and farm to factory and office Men entered industrialized workplace, women stayed home Domestic work no longer viewed as work, but as God-given mission women's value in society started to go down at this point families become last important in the communities families became more important symbolically Poor women and women of color barred from this idealized family form Separate Spheres Industrial Revolution divided spheres into public and private Separate spheres brought separate expectations for mothers and fathers Currently, those expectations are converging (but are not yet the same) Race and class shape those expectations Concerns about the crisis of the family ….Then came World War II Women entered paid workforce in large numbers Massive government expenditures Age of first marriage decreased, people had more children (The Baby Boom) Nuclear family declared "natural" Conforming suburban family falls apart Men alienated from families, especially children Wives increasingly discontent Children grew up to challenge 1950s conformity Most families were never part of the "traditional" family anyway Family forms become more diverse in 1970s Married couples reported more happiness when they stayed together, but divorce increased every year the divorce rate increases about 6% for 12 years straight Evolution of Marriage Rights in the U.S.(in text)(read and learn) Doctrine of couverture
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Married Women's poverty laws Equality of roles and responsibilities The Same-Sex Marriage Debate Legal debate began in 1993 with Hawaii Supreme Court decision denying same-sex partners was against constitution Massachusetts 2003 Supreme Court decision Five states + District of Columbia recognize same-sex marriage Massachusetts, Iowa, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Vermont Several states recognize civil unions (provide most or all legal rights afforded to married couples) Forty-one states ban same-sex marriage Majority support civil unions, majority under 35 support same-sex marriage Legalizing same-sex marriage has not increased divorce among different-sex couples Motherhood Mystique Idealization of motherhood Emphasizes motherhood as the most important (sometimes only) role of women Intensive parenting Motherhood mystique mostly contracted around white middle-class mothering
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Soc 216 Exam 3 notes - SOC Exam 3 10/25/2010 Families and...

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