11 - Gender and K-12 Education Gender Inequality in U.S...

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10/4/2010 Gender and K-12 Education Gender Inequality in U.S. Education -More gender equity in K-12 education than other institutions similar enrollment rates between boys and girls tests scores and graduation rates have become more similar over time more K-12 classrooms are gender integrated -Inequality happens most frequently in interactions (with teachers and other students) Boys receive more attention from teachers (especially white boys) Teachers more likely to compliment boys on their academic performance, girls on their appearance Girls sexually harassed by boy classmates Boys allowed more leeway in their classroom behavior than girls Warrior Narratives vs. Nurturing Games Young boys frequently engaged with warrior narratives "good guys" vs. "bad guys" Usually involves weapon play Often loud, physically aggressive Such play disruptive to the rationality of schools Girls play encouraged by teachers Boys play gets suppressed or funneled into sports May lead to ADHD diagnosis Boy Culture vs. Girl Culture Barrie Thorne - Gender Play Boys and girls construct gender through play Girl zone, boy zone, gender-transgressive zone Ann Arnett Ferguson- Bad Boys Teacher perception boys' misbehavior is radicalized White boys misbehave - dismissed as "boys will boys" Black boys misbehave - criminalized Harassment and Violence in Schools Bullying of gay and lesbian students http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2jECwYNCFyU 84% of LGBT students experience harassment because of sexual orientations more than half experience harassment from teachers less likely to get good grades and go to college than LGBT that aren't harassed frequently Education Around the Globe Gender equity in education much more advance in developed countries than in the Global South Connections between water and education Barriers to girls' education Poverty
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Proper sanitation School great distance from home Sexual harassment and assault Education girls associated with many positive health and economic outcomes Lower rates of HIV infection Higher income for women, entire family Better distribution of income within the family Increases literacy across generations Higher crop yields Lower infant mortality rates Improved family health Improved economic development of country/region 10/6/2010 Women and Men in Higher Education Access to Higher Education Women's access to higher education Recent history for a long time people believed women shouldn't go to college All-women's colleges in the 19th century First co-educational college (Oberlin, 1833) First graduate school admitting women (Bryn Mawr, 1880) Women now majority of college students Women closing gap in graduate degrees History of Women's Colleges Began in order to expand higher education opportunities During 1960s and 1970s, formerly all-male colleges become co-educational
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11 - Gender and K-12 Education Gender Inequality in U.S...

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