Text Section 1 Study Guide

Text Section 1 Study Guide - Text Section 1 and other...

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Text Section 1 and other readings 1. Organized social pressure: Religious conservatives, doctors against women’s sporting entertainment, and government actions through legislation against sports events. a. Women were not to participate in marathons until 1984 when Joan Benoit won gold medal for U.S.A. b. For most of the 20 th century, images of professional sporting women entertainers faded but female frailty lingered-with the image of frailty in sport considered immoral-run to 1960s. 2. Capitalism and physical culture 3. Walked but DID not openly contest Victorian morals-but the women received favorable coverage in metropolitan papers. Newspapers promoted women’s popularity as athletes and their managers tried to capitalize on this. New England suffragists supported and profited from Von Hillern’s solo exhibitions, making her a symbol of women’s capabilities. Businesses also benefitted from Von Hillern’s activities, treating her as paragon of fashion and virtue. Von Hillern’s display of physical culture was considered wonders of the 19 th century. a. Ada Anderson came after Von Hillern retired b. Walked hundreds of miles, which helped her gain skill and conditioning, arguably the best endurance athlete of the era. c. Anderson efforts profited the business community.
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d. While Von Hillern was modest and physically small, Anderson was straight forward and muscular, and displayed outspoken confidence than humility. e. Anderson’s success prompted pedestrian’s success 4. Women suffragists accepted the walkers and runners as symbols of women’s rights and health a. Business people embraced their popularity-published books and newspapers in support of Victorian beliefs-women are physically frail b. Temperance (supported Victorian beliefs-no drinking, smoking and gambling for women) and religious leaders didn’t like women runners and walkers- morally disreputable figures
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Text Section 1 Study Guide - Text Section 1 and other...

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