REL 394 Prophets Assyrian

REL 394 Prophets Assyrian - Hebrew Prophecy Responds to the...

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Hebrew Prophecy Responds to the Assyrian Crisis Assyrian “cherub” Introduction: VIDEO: Gladiator (“Caesar’s dreams … and doubts”) 22:19 What is Marcus Aurelius’ desire? What is Maximus’ dilemma? Marcus Aurelius was a Stoic philosopher. In his famous Meditations , here’s what he has to say about justice : h “Consider that everything which happens, happens justly (if you observe carefully, you will find it to be so).” ( Meditations 4.10) h “Take pleasure in one thing and rest in it, in passing from one social act to another social act, thinking of God.” (6.7) h “Love humankind. Follow God.” (7.31) h “He who pursues pleasure will not abstain from injustice” (9.1) h “The destruction of the understanding is a pestilence, much more indeed than any such corruption and change of this atmosphere which surrounds us.” (9.2) h “No longer talk at all about the kind of man that a good man ought to be, but be such.” (10.16) h “Right reason differs not at all from the reason of justice.” (11.1) h “In justice the other virtues have their foundation.” (11.10) Historical Context: The Neo-Assyrian Revival Assur-nas ir-pal II (884-859)-- perhaps the most brutal monarch in Assyrian history, invades Syria-Palestine to firm up his Western flank
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Shalmaneser III (858-824)—is stopped by a coalition of 12 Syro-Palestinian kings in 853 at Qarqar on the Orontes river (“Ahab of Israel” is one of these kings; A-h ° a-ab-bu mat Sir-’i-la-a-a, ANET 278-279). Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727)—the first Assyrian king to exact land and slaves (and other forms of tribute/taxes); also exacts tribute from Azariah (Uzziah), king of Judah ( ANET 282), Ahaz, king of Judah ( ANET 282 ; 2 Kings 16:7), and Menahem, king of Israel ( ANET 283) Shalmaneser V (726-722)-- exacts tribute from Hoshea, king of Israel (2 Kgs 17:3), and captures Samaria in 722 BCE ( FALL OF ISRAEL ). Sargon II (721-705)-- Brutally consolidates Assyrian power in Urartu and Ashdod, but loses control of Babylon to Marduk-apaliddina (Merodach- Baladan [2 Kgs 20:12]). Hezekiah (king of Judah) does not openly rebel at first (heeding Isaiah's advice), but institutes instead a nationalistic/religious reform Sennacherib (704-681)-- Hezekiah eventually disregards Isaiah's advice (Isa 30:1-7) and rebels (2 Kgs 18:7); digs the Siloam tunnel to prepare for the siege (2 Kings 2:20). In 701 Sennacherib shuts him up in Jerusalem like a "bird in a cage" ( ANET 288), and forces Hezekiah to pay even heavier tribute (in the biblical account the Assyrian army is struck by a plague which kills 185,000; Sennacherib is assassinated by his oldest sons Adrammelech and Sharezer (2 Kings 19:35). Family of Hafez al-Assad
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course REL 394 taught by Professor Michaelmoore during the Spring '11 term at ASU.

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REL 394 Prophets Assyrian - Hebrew Prophecy Responds to the...

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