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REL 394 Prophets in Middle East

REL 394 Prophets in Middle East - Prophecy in the Ancient...

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1 Prophecy in the Ancient Near East Introduction VIDEO : My Big Fat Greek Wedding (“Growing Up Greek”) 00:25 What does Nia Vardalos’ screenplay say about cross-cultural communication? How many things in this set of opening scenes are Greek-specific? Questions: How does “divine-human” communication (“prophecy”) function among Israel’s neighbors? How is it similar/dissimilar? What are the “rules”? Powerpoint Presentation: Ancient Near Eastern Geography & History Egypt Babylon Assyria Hittite Empire Persia Greece Old Babylonian Prophecy Syria (Mari)-- Most of our knowledge about OB prophecy comes from the discovery of cuneiform tablets at Tell H ar ī r ī (ancient Mari), located in the Syrian part of the Euphrates Valley 120 km south of the modern city of Deir-ez-Zor at the confluence of the river HÉabur, about 50 km north of the current border with Iraq. Several letters, written to Mari’s last king, Zimri-Lim, are dated to the 18 th century BCE .
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2 To: Zimri-Lim, king of Mari From: Nur-Sin, official of Mari ( A.2925/A.2731 ) Repeatedly I have written to the king about the gift of livestock which he promised to the sanctuary of Addu, his divine patron. Addu, the divine patron of Kallassu, is still waiting for this livestock which you promised him … An a \ pilum (“answerer”) of Addu, divine patron of H alab, told me: “I am Addu, your divine patron. I am the divine patron of H alab … who helped you regain your father’s throne. Have I ever asked too much of you? Hear the cry of your people when they suffer injustice. Give them justice. Do what I ask and what I have written. Obey my word. Protect the land. Defend the state …” To: Zimri-Lim, king of Mari From: Mukannisum, official of Mari ( ARM 13.23.1-15) After I offered the sacrifice to Dagan for the king’s health, an a \ pilum of Dagan in Tuttul stood up and told me: “Babylon, what do you think you are doing? I will bring you down like a bird with a net … I will give you, your seven covenant partners, and all their land to Zimri-Lim …” To: Zimri-Lim From: É ibtu, queen of Mari ( ARM 10.7) My lord, the palace is in good order. On the third day of the festival, É elibum, an assinu (“I é tar-eunuch”) fell into ecstasy in the sanctuary of Annunitum (“mother-goddess”), your divine patron. He told me: “You, Zimri-Lim, will be tested by a revolt. Take precautions. Surround yourself only with officials you trust. Let only faithful officials stand guard over you. Do not go out of the palace without an escort. I will hand these rebels over to you.” To confirm the words of É elibum, I am sending the king a lock of her hair and a piece of the hem from her skirt.
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3 To: Zimri-Lim From: É ibtu, queen of Mari ( ARM 10.6.3-8, via an assinu ) “… This man has prepared numerous projects against the country.
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