REL 394 Prophets Introduction

REL 394 Prophets Introduction - What Do Prophets Do and...

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1 What Do Prophets Do … and Why? “I will take it …” Introduction: VIDEO: Fellowship of the Ring (“Frodo’s call”) 31:22 Mic 2:1-2 – “Alas for those who devise wickedness and evil deeds on their beds! When the morning dawns, they perform it, because it is in their power. They covet fields, and seize them; houses, and take them away; they oppress householder and house, people and their inheritance.” Amos 2:6-7 – “For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment; because they sell the righteous for silver, and the needy for a pair of sandals, they who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth, and push the afflicted out of the way.” The Hebrew Prophets The Hebrew Bible consists of 3 sections o Torah o Prophets o Writings The section called “Prophets” consists of 2 subsections o Former Prophets (Joshua-Kings) o Latter Prophets (Isaiah-Malachi) Some of the characters in the Former Prophets include: o Joshua o Rahab o Deborah o Gideon o Jephthah’s daughter
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2 o Samson o Samuel o Saul o David o Bathsheba o Tamar o Solomon o Queen of Sheba o Elijah o Ahab o Elisha o Naaman o Jehu o Hezekiah o Nebuchadnezzar VIDEO: Fellowship of the Ring (“I will take it … though I do not know the way.”) 1:26:28 Some of the characters in the Latter Prophets include o Isaiah o Jeremiah o Ezekiel o Hosea o Joel o Amos o Jonah o Zechariah o Malachi Definitions presumed in this course: h Prophecy (see H. B. Huffmon, “Prophecy in the Mari Letters, Biblical Archaeologist 31 [1968] 103): communication from the divine world, normally for a third party through a mediator (prophet) who may or may not identify with the deity inspiration through ecstasy, dreams (apart from induced dreams in most instances), or what may be called inner illumination immediate message; i.e., a message that does not require a technical specialist to interpret it unsolicited message (unlike divination), and exhortatory or admonitory message h Divination (see A. de Waal Malefijt, Religion and Culture: An Introduction to Anthropology of Religion [New York: MacMillan, 1968] 215):
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3 a form of religious communication in which supernatural powers give, or are coerced into giving, direct information …. differing significantly from other forms of religious communication in that it does not attempt to alter the behavior or judgment of the supernatural powers, only to discover their opinions. h Exorcism (see Geoffrey Parrinder, “Exorcism,” Encyclopedia of Religion 5.225): “the driving out of evil power or spirits by solemn adjuration or the performance of rituals.” h Apocalyptic : a genre of literature produced by oppressed peoples in order to keep hope alive for the future as an independent people, comprised of indirect messages mediated by angelic mediators which are highly symbolic , intentionally cryptic , and uniformly negative
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course REL 394 taught by Professor Michaelmoore during the Spring '11 term at ASU.

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REL 394 Prophets Introduction - What Do Prophets Do and...

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