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REL 394 Prophets Jeremiah

REL 394 Prophets Jeremiah - The Prophecy of Jeremiah...

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1 The Prophecy of Jeremiah Richard I (“The Lion-Hearted”) 1157-1199 CE Introduction: VIDEO: The Lion in Winter (“King Henry & King Lear”) 00:20 Judah’s Political Crisis
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2 Josiah -- the 17 th king of Judah, son of Amon and grandson of Manasseh. The ‘people of the land’ enthrone him at the age of 8 upon the assassination of his father. He reigns 31 years ( c. 640-609 BC ; 2 Kings 21:24-25:1; 2 Chron 33:25- 34:1). In 622 BC , the ‘book of the law’ is found during the course of Temple repairs (2 Kings 22:8-10; 2 Chron 34:8-18). It is commonly accepted that this scroll is, or contains, the book of Deuteronomy (although this is not proven). This collection of now-ancient law, fanning the already burning feelings of nationalism, leads Josiah to institute further political and religious reform. On the basis of this book, he attacks all non-Yahwistic groups and cult-sites (2 Kings 23:4-14), including the false priests ( k ĕ maμréÆm , 23:5; see Akk k û mru ) and the altar at Bethel (23:15; see 1 Kings 13:2). He and the people make a new covenant with Yahweh (2 Kings 23:1-3; 2 Chron 34:29-33) which makes this scroll the "new law" of the land. He also celebrates the Passover in a way not seen since the days of Samuel (2 Kings 23:21-23; 2 Chron 35:1-19). Jehoahaz -- 4th son of Josiah (1 Chron 3:15) who became the 18th king of Judah upon his father’s death at Megiddo ( c. 609 BC ; 2 Kings 23:30). After reigning 3 months, he is deported by the pharaoh Neco to his headquarters at Riblah in Hamath and then to Egypt, where he dies (23:33-34). Jeremiah calls him Shallum (Jer 22:11-12), an indication that Jehoahaz is his throne name. Jehoiakim -- king of Judah (609-598 BC ), a son of Josiah and elder brother of Jehoahaz, whose place he occupies at the command of Pharaoh Neco II. His name is changed from Eliakim as a mark of vassalage. To pay Egyptian tribute Jehoiakim imposes heavy land taxes (2 Kings 23:35). He builds costly royal buildings, using forced labour (Jer 22:13-17), and Jeremiah describes him as an oppressive ruler. Both Jeremiah and Habakkuk note a large amount of spiritual decay during his reign. He reverts to idolatry in a way which practically nullifies Josiah’s reforms. He introduces Egyptian rites (Ezek 8:5-17). He "sheds much innocent blood" (2 Kings 24:4), and has the prophet Uriah murdered simply for opposing him (Jer 26:20-21). He opposes Jeremiah (36:26) and burns the scroll from which Jehudi reads Jeremiah's words (v. 22). head2right In Jehoiakim’s fourth year (605 BC ) Nebuchadnezzar defeats the Egyptians at Carchemish and wins control of Palestine as far as the Egyptian border (Jer 25:1; 46:2). But it is not until the following year that Jehoiakim, along with several other rulers, submits to Nebuchadnezzar's rule (Jer 36:9-29; Babylonian Chronicle ). head2right Three years later, encouraged by the Egyptian defeat of the Babylonians (601 BC ), Jehoiakim rebels against Babylonian rule (against Jeremiah's counsel; 2 Kings 24:1). Nebuchadnezzar does not at first intervene, but sends local Babylonian garrison troops along with mercenary Syrians, Moabites and Ammonites against Judah (v. 2). Then, 3 months and 10 days before
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