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REL 394 Prophets Persian

REL 394 Prophets Persian - Israelite Prophecy in the...

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1 Israelite Prophecy in the Persian Period Actors Robert Pastorelli and Wes Studi in “Dances With Wolves” Introduction VIDEO: Dances With Wolves (“They take without asking ...”) 2:18:48 Cyrus’ decree (Ezra 1:1-4) head2right The Persian period is characterized by tolerance and diversity head2right Yet underneath this surface broods a long history of ethnic hatred head2right “We are often reminded by commentators that national political campaigns are supposed to be about ‘issues’ … but national politics is also about values, especially emotional (tribal) values” (H. Lewis, A Question of Values [San Francisco: Harper, 1990] 90). When Jonah receives the call to preach to Nineveh, this creates a deep-rooted value conflict: devotion to God vs. devotion to “tribe.”
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2 Persian Rulers 539-530 Cyrus (the Great) 530-522 Cambyses 522-486 Darius I 486- 465 Xerxes I (Ahasuerus) 464-423 Artaxerxes I 423-404 Darius II Nothus 404-359 Artaxerxes II Mnemon 359-338 Artaxerxes III Ochus 338-336 Arses 336-331 Darius III Codomanus 331-323 Alexander (the Great) Persian / Hellenistic Timeline 538 BCE Zerubbabel, Sheshbazzar and others return to Jerusalem 537 Rebuilding of the Temple begins 520 Temple-building resumes 516 Temple completed 3 Adar (10 March) 458 Ezra goes to Jerusalem 445-433 Nehemiah at Jerusalem 332 Palestine comes under the control of Alexander of Macedon 323 Death of Alexander in Babylon 301 Ptolemy I of Egypt gains control of Palestine 198 Palestine passes from Egyptian to Syrian rule until 63 170/69 Antiochus IV Epiphanes launches his first campaign against Egypt 168 Antiochus’ second Egyptian campaign 167 Antiochus’ persecution of the Jews begins; pagan sacrifice in Jerusalem Temple. Mattathias leads revolt against the Greeks at the village of Modein 167-40 Maccabees/Hasmonaeans dominate Judaea 164 End of persecutions; purification of the Temple by Judas Maccabaeus 150 BC E - CE 70 Rise and fall of Qumran 143-135 Simon the last Maccabee 135-104 John Hyrcanus I, the first Hasmonaean “king” 103-76 Alexander Jannaeus expands the Hasmonean kingdom 63 Pompey establishes Roman protectorate over Hasmonaean princes 40 Herod the Great becomes king of Judaea 4 Jesus of Nazareth is born in Bethlehem of Judea
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3 The Book of Jonah VIDEO: Dances With Wolves (“Pawnee vs. Sioux vs. U. S. Army”) 2:04:53 Bibliography: J. S. Ackerman , “Satire and Symbolism in the Song of Jonah,” in Traditions in Transformation (eds. B. Halpern & J. D. Levenson; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1981) 213-46; D. L. Christensen , “Narrative Poetics and the Interpretation of the Book of Jonah,” Directions in Biblical Hebrew Poetry (JSOTSup 40; ed. E. R. Follis; Sheffield: JSOT, 1987) 29-48; F. W. Golka , Divine Repentance: A Commentary on the Book of Jonah (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988); E. M. Good , Irony in the Old Testament (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1965); J. C. Holbert , “Deliverance Belongs to Yahweh: Satire in the Book of Jonah,” JSOT 21 (1981) 59–81; G. M. Landes , “The Kerygma of the Book of Jonah,” Interpretation 21 (1967) 3–31; P. Trible , Rhetorical Criticism: Context, Method, and the Book of Jonah (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1994).
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