REL 394 Prophets Samuel

REL 394 Prophets Samuel - Hebrew Prophetic Narrative:...

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1 Hebrew Prophetic Narrative: Judges, 1-2 Samuel Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X Introduction: VIDEO: Malcolm X (“Preaching on a national stage”) 1:56:41 Compare Nathan’s confrontation of David (2 Sam 12:1-14) Why does Nathan confront the king? What is significant about David’s response? The Deuteronomistic History (Joshua-Kings) contains some of the greatest confrontations in all literature. What can we learn from these stories? About the nature of biblical narrative? About the nature of God? About the nature of Hebrew prophecy? Contemporary Approaches to Biblical History The Confessional Approach -- This approach operates on the assumption that the Bible is of supernatural origin and in its original autographs totally inerrant (free from error). It generally assumes the accuracy of numerical figures and other historical details, and tends to use archaeology to support the biblical view of history rather than the other way around. The Archaeological Approach -- This approach seeks to substantiate as much biblical data as possible by appealing to evidence external to the biblical text itself. As practiced in the Albright-Bright school, this approach began as a reaction to documentary criticism of the pentateuch and the historical approaches based on this kind of criticism. Generally this approach assumes two things: The biblical witness is historically reliable, and Archaeological remains can serve as a control against unnecessary dependency upon literary, philosophical, or fundamentalist hypotheses.
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2 The Tradition-History Approach-- This approach assumes the following: The writing down of OT traditions in the form of documents is a late stage in a long process OT documents have a long history of usage in an oral stage prior to being written down OT traditions are best understood when they are subdivided into genres according to original content and Sitz im Leben (liturgy, saga, taunt-song, proverb, short- story, genealogical list, etc.) The Socio-Economic Approach-- Practitioners of this approach generally assume: That Israel originates as a tribal confederacy living within the land of Canaan (not as nomadic invaders from the desert) That Israel’s origin is primarily the product of an internal revolt against Canaanite socio-economic oppression That Israel’s achievement is the creation of a new tribalism based on equitable covenantal relationships That Israel’s monarchy is a retroversion to the political structures against which Israel originally revolted These four categories are adapted from John Hayes, "The History of the Study of Israelite and Judean History," in Israelite and Judean History (ed. J. H. Hayes & J. M. Miller; Philadelphia: Westminster, 1977) 33-69. The Maximalist-Minimalist Debate
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REL 394 Prophets Samuel - Hebrew Prophetic Narrative:...

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