RelativeResourceManager

RelativeResourceManager - Exam 3: Slides (and Concepts and...

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Exam 3: Slides (and Concepts and Terms) To Focus Attention On: Chapt. 8 Theories of Motivation: Drive Reduction: Holds that motivation serves to reduce internal, uncomfortable states Arousal Theory: must be at optimal level to operate best; too little or too much weakens performance Incentive Theory: Approach a stimulus that’s likely to be pleasant; Avoid one that is likely to be aversive Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Basic needs: Nutrients, Safety, physical comfort Psychological needs: belongingness, affliation, love Self Fulfillment Needs: Self actualization, transcendence Hunger and Satiety Messengers Ghrelin: green light for hunger CCK : appetite suppressant, released from mucosa of small intestines when stimulated by fat Leptin: secreted by fat cells as they fill up Insulin: released by pancreas and indirectly affects hunger Glucose: primary sugar needed to fuel cell metabolism Fat cells: store energy whenever needed, acts as gas tank Lateral Hypothalamus and Ventromedial Hypothalamus Lateral Hypo turns hunger on Ventromedial Hypo turns hunger off Chapt. 9 Gonadotropin (i.e. LH and FSH) Effects on Males and Females LH increases production and release of T from the testicles; FSH surge fuels spermatogenesis which is the production of mature male gametes In women it regulates menses; mediates ovulation 1. Bulimia Nervosa: 2. Binge-and-Purge Cycles : compulsion is a purging technique o Key Demographic: young females of average weight 3. Anorexia Nervosa: o Weight Criterion : culture overvalues thinness o Key Demographic : females from upper class families o Cognitive Distortions : despite perilously low body weight, still see self as fat and “feel” fat 4. Diathesis-Stress Model: Biochemical abnormalities; stress is associated with perfectionism, faulty thinking about food; social pressures & is associated with
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RelativeResourceManager - Exam 3: Slides (and Concepts and...

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