Pharmacological Treatment revised powerpoint presentation.pptx

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Pharmacological Treatment Student Name: Course: Instructor: Date :
Outline Depression. 3 Drugs used in treating depression. Actions, side effects. Indications and contradiction. Depression treatment regime. How treatment regime impacts the client lifestyle. How nurse monitors depression client. Contraversies associated with the drugs. Conclusion.
Depression Depression is a health condition which requires pharmacological treatment. It negatively affects how an individual feels, thinks and acts. Types include major depression, psychotic depression, seasonal effective disorder and persistent depressive disorder (National Institute of Mental Health, 2015). Areas where a nurse is likely to see depression include individuals exposed to neglect, abuse and violence. Figure1: Depression (Rottenberg, 2014).
Depression Continuation A nurse is also likely to see depression where it concurs with various medical conditions such as cancer and diabetes among others (NIMH, 2015). Figure 2: Distribution of Types of Depression According to BDI Test (Palizgir, Bakhtiari & Esteghamati, 2013).
3 Drugs Used In Treating Depression Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) - Include citalophram,vilazodone, sertraline, fluvoxamine and escitalopram. Helps in relieving the symptoms by blocking reabsorption of serotonin by certain nerves in brain cells (Halverson, 2017). Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) - Include doxepin, protriptyline, imipramine, and nortriptyline. Prescribed after other drugs have failed to relieve depression. Helps in keeping more serotonin and norepinephrine available in the brain. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRIs)- They include desvenlafaxine, levomilnacipran and venlafaxine. Drug used as first-line agents specifically for patients showing signs of fatigue or pain syndromes (Halverson, 2017).
Actions and Side Effects SSRIs - Action entails enhancement of serotonergic activity through reuptake inhibition hence improving the mood.

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