OutlineDepression. 3 Drugs used in treating depression.Actions, side effects.Indications and contradiction.Depression treatment regime. How treatment regime impacts the client lifestyle.How nurse monitors depression client.Contraversies associated with the drugs.Conclusion.
Depression▪Depression is a health condition which requires pharmacological treatment.▪It negatively affects how an individual feels, thinks and acts.▪Types include major depression, psychotic depression, seasonal effective disorder and persistent depressive disorder (National Institute of Mental Health, 2015). ▪Areas where a nurse is likely to see depression include individuals exposed to neglect, abuse and violence.Figure1: Depression (Rottenberg, 2014).
Depression Continuation▪A nurse is also likely to see depression where it concurs with various medical conditions such as cancer and diabetes among others (NIMH, 2015). Figure 2: Distribution of Types of Depression According to BDI Test (Palizgir, Bakhtiari & Esteghamati, 2013).
3 Drugs Used In Treating DepressionSelective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) -Include citalophram,vilazodone, sertraline, fluvoxamine and escitalopram.Helps in relieving the symptoms by blocking reabsorption of serotonin by certain nerves in brain cells (Halverson, 2017).Tricyclic antidepressants(TCAs) -Include doxepin, protriptyline, imipramine, and nortriptyline.Prescribed after other drugs have failed to relieve depression.Helps in keeping more serotonin and norepinephrine available in the brain.Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRIs)- They include desvenlafaxine, levomilnacipran and venlafaxine.Drug used as first-line agents specifically for patients showing signs of fatigue or pain syndromes (Halverson, 2017).
Actions and Side EffectsSSRIs -Action entails enhancement of serotonergic activity through reuptake inhibition hence improving the mood.