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Test One Vocab

Test One Vocab - Chapter 1 Anthropology the study of the...

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Chapter 1 Anthropology – the study of the human species and it’s immediate ancestors Applied anthropology – the application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and techniques to identify, asses, and solve modern social problems Archeological anthropology – the study of human behavior and cultural patterns and processes through the culture’s material remains Association – an observed relationship between two or more values Biocultural – referring to the conclusion and combination (to solve a common problem) of both biological and cultural approaches – one of anthropology’s hallmarks. Biological anthropology – the study of human biological variation in time and space; includes evolution, genetics, growth and development, and primatology. Cultural anthropology – the study of human society and culture; describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences. Cultural Resource Management (CRM) – the branch of applied archaeology aimed at preserving sites threatened by dams, highways, and other projects. Culture – distinctly human; transmitted through learning; traditions and customs that govern behavior and beliefs Ethnography – fieldwork in a particular culture Ethnology – cross-cultural comparison; the comparative study of ethnographic data, society, and culture. Food production –cultivation of plants and domestication (stockbreeding) of animals; first developed 10,000 -12,000 years ago General anthropology – the field of anthropology as a whole, consisting of cultural, archaeological, biological, and linguistic anthropology. Holistic – interested in the whole of human condition: past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture. Hypothesis – a suggested, but as yet unverified explanation. Linguistic anthropology – the descriptive, comparative, and historical study of language and of linguistic similarities and differences in time, space, and society. Physical anthropology – also known as biological anthropology.
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Science – a systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims, through experiment, observation, and deduction, to produce reliable explanations of phenomena, with reference to the material and physical world. Sociolinguistics – investigates relationships between social and linguistic variations. Theory – a set of ideas formulated (by reasoning from known facts) to explain something.
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