Lecture2 - Lecture2 Foundationsof IndividualBehaviour...

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Lecture 2 Foundations of  Individual Behaviour
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2 Ability An individual’s capacity to perform the various tasks in a job Intellectual Abilities – abilities to do mental activities Number aptitude – ability to do speedy and accurate arithmetic Verbal comprehension – ability to understand what is read or heard and the relationship of words to each other Perceptual speed – ability to identify visual similarities and differences quickly and accurately
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3 Ability (cont’d) Inductive reasoning – ability to reason from specifics to general conclusions Deductive reasoning – ability to reason from general conclusions to specifics Spatial visualization – ability to imagine how an object would look if its position in space were changed Memory – ability to retain and recall past experiences Different jobs require different intellectual abilities
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4 Ability (cont’d) Physical Abilities – abilities to do tasks demanding stamina, dexterity, strength, and similar characteristics Different jobs require different physical abilities The Ability-Job Fit Employee performance is enhanced when there is a high ability-job fit
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5 Learning Any relatively permanent change in behaviour or potential behaviour that results from practice, direct or indirect experience Learning: Involves change Is relatively permanent Is acquired through experience Learning is built upon the law of effect, which says that behaviour is a function of its consequences
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6 Values
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