nat150 - Human Sexuality concerns the way in which we...

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“Human Sexuality concerns the way in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings. The study of human sexuality draws upon the expertise of anthropologists, biologists, medical researchers, sociologists, psychologists, and other scientists.”(32). There have been many suggestions and theories on stages or models of sexual response. A marked sex therapist and “author of several professional books” on sex therapy; Helen Singer Kaplan developed a three phase model. Her model was different to the four-stage model suggested by Masters and Johnson. Kaplan’s three stage model consists of 1) desire, (2) excitement or arousal, and (3) orgasm. She has lot of experience of working with people with sexual dysfunction. “She believes that their problems can best be classified according to these three phases.”(120) Kaplan believed that sexual desire is necessary to involve in sexual act. Kaplan preferred this stage prior to excitement stage because one cannot get excited, unless he/she is undergoing a mental desire. So, desire is the root cause of all sexual behaviours. Women need to have a desire before they can feel the pleasure of coitus. They are not like men cut and dry.   Kaplan (1977, 1979) stated that sexual desire is an appetite or drive that motivates us to engage in sexual behavior. Like other drives, such as hunger, sexual desire is regulated by the avoidance of pain and the seeking of pleasure, and it is produced by the activation of a specific neural system in the brain.
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Kaplan’s primary she stated that you can not get excited unless you are mentally experiencing desire (Kelly, 2006). Thus Kaplan’s model emphasized the role desire plays in our sexual response cycle. Instead of making the assumption that human desire stems from an internal force or drive, this model proposes that there is a unique interaction between external stimuli, our emotions, our experiences, our social Baumeister, 2003). Kaplan emphasized the cognitive aspect of sexual response. The other chief difference between her model and Masters and Johnson’s model
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nat150 - Human Sexuality concerns the way in which we...

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