Prof. M. Fall - University of Ottawa 4 The inside of the Earth is made of 3 layers having different physical properties : The core The mantle: The earth’s crust Source: J.-P. Bardet 2.2 Earth structure and dynamic 2.2 Structure of the Earth (2) b 0- 40 km Crust b 40- 650 Upper mantle b 650-2900 Lower mantle b 2900-5150 Outer core b 5150-6378 Inner core The 3 layers of the Earth are: The core : Located in the center, it represents 17% of the volume of the Earth; the core is divided into inner core (solid) and outer core (liquid) The mantel: Represents the biggest volume of the Earth, 81%, and is divided into lower mantle (solid) and upper mantle (liquid). The later is mainly plastic except its upper part (solid) The Earth’s crust : Represents less than 2% by volume and is solid 2.2 Earth structure and dynamic 2.2 Structure of the Earth (3) Le dessin en couleur est du USGS Jean Vail ancourt 2.2 Earth structure and dynamic 2.2 Structure of the Earth (4) Layers with different chemical compositions
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