Key Terms

Key Terms - Key Terms Open/Closed System Feedback System...

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Unformatted text preview: Key Terms Open/Closed System Feedback System Equililbrium Geodesy Latitude Longitude Great Circles Time Zones Types of Maps Map Scales Remote Sensing GPS GIS Milky Way Galaxy Solar System Speed of Light Gravity Solar System Formation Inner Planets Evolution of Atmosphere Sun Solar Radiation Fusion Solar Wind Sun Spots Energy Radiant Energy Electromagnetic Radiation Wien Plancks Law Insolation Solar Constant Uneven distribution of insolation Global Net Radiation Daily Insolation Rotation Tilt Seasonality Revolution Axial Parrallelism Day Length Tropics of Cancer/Capricorn Arctic/Antarctic Circle Solstice Equinox Revolution Aphelion Perihelion Milankovitch Cycle Obliquity Eccentricity Precession Rotation Altitude Declination Day Length Sunrise/Sunset Dawn/Twilight Matter Solid Liquid Gas Elements Molecules Density Gas Laws Boyles Law Charles Law Air Exosphere Atmospheric Gases Nitrogen Oxygen Argon Water Carbon Dioxide Trace Gases Air Exosphere Atmospheric gases Water Carbon dioxide Trace gases Heterosphere Homosphere Thermosphere/pause Mesosphere/pause Stratosphere/pause Troposhere/pause Ionosphere ozonosphere Lapse Rate Climatology Weather meteorology paleoclimatology 1/20/010 Geography [geo] means Earth [graphein] means to write Geography- the study of interdependence among geographic areas, natural systems, people, and their activities over space Spatial science Holistic science o human geography- explores human interactions spacially o Physical geography- environmental interactions Systems science- everywhere working together to get big picture; includes biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere 1/22/10 Systems Theory: Flow of Energy Sun o Heat source o Transfers other energy through earth Open/ Closed Systems Open- an exchange of energy w/ surroundings (inflow and outflow) Closed- no exchange of energy with surroundings Equilibrium (Input = Output)- if there are changes them systems need to adjust to make equal Equilibrium and Time Steady State- varies around average Dynamic State- trends over time Figure 1.5 Feedback Systems Positive-some perturbance and system responds; responds in same direction o i.e. increase temps, more water vapor, enhances greenhouse effect Negative- responds in opposite direction Geodesy The study of the shape of the earth Means sea level surface- Geoid Latitude and Longitude Latitude Lines that run east to west Measures distance north to south Parallels Angular measurements (degrees) 1 degree latitude=70 miles Minutes= 1.2 miles Seconds= 80 ft Equator, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circles Distance and Time Draw Picture Types of Maps Cylindrical projection- wrap cylinders around globe Planar projection-take portion of globe, only 1 part accurate Conic projection- cone around globe Oval projection- standard line is equator and prime meridian Great Circles Shortest route= great circle Map Scale Figure 19 Table 1.3Figure 19 Table 1....
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Key Terms - Key Terms Open/Closed System Feedback System...

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