Biology Reviews Test 4 and 5 with answers

Biology Reviews Test 4 and 5 with answers - Chapter 17...

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Chapter 17 Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. _a___ 1. According to the theory of ______, all changes to the earth's surface have occurred by sudden, violent geologic processes. a. catastrophism b. uniformity c. inheritance of acquired characteristics d. evolution by natural selection _c___ 2. The systematic study of similarities and differences in the body plans of animal groups is known as a. comparative biochemistry. b. biogeography. c. comparative morphology. d. ecology. _d___ 3. According to the theory of evolution by natural selection a. individuals of all populations have the capacity to produce more offspring than the environment can support. b. individuals vary in their traits and some of this variation is heritable. c. when some form of a trait is adaptive and has a heritable basis, its bearers will tend to survive and reproduce more frequently than other individuals. d. all of the choices _b___ 4. In an attempt to reconcile his religious beliefs with the evidence from the fossil record, Georges Cuvier proposed that a. humans had descended from ancestors with tails. b. multiple catastrophes had destroyed many of the world's species. c. there had been multiple creations in different parts of the world. d. none of the above. __d__ 5. A population is at genetic equilibrium if a. there is no mutation. b. there is no immigration. c. there is no selection. d. all of the choices are true. _c___ 6. In ______, forms at both ends of the range of variation are favored and intermediate forms are selected against. a. stabilizing selection b. sexual selection c. disruptive selection d. directional selection _c___ 7. The allele responsible for sickle-cell hemoglobin is maintained in populations in Africa by a. sexual selection b. directional selection. c. balancing selection. d. stabilizing selection.
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_e___ 8. Microevolution is the result of a. chance variation. b. change in gene frequency. c. mutation. d. natural selection. e. all of these _b___ 9. The study of the distribution of plants and animals around the world is a. diversity. b. biogeography. c. ecology. d. natural history. e. environmentalism. _c___ 10. Lamarck's contribution to the theory of evolution was the concept of a. natural selection. b. catastrophism. c. inheritance of acquired characteristics. d. mutation. __b__ 11. Natural selection operates to produce changes in a. individuals. b. populations. c. races. d. phyla. e. animals only. _b___ 12. Which of the following is NOT a factor involved in the theory of evolution? a. All organisms reproduce beyond the limits of the environment that supports them. b. Food supplies keep pace with the growth of populations feeding upon them.
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2011 for the course BIOL 1001 taught by Professor Minor during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Biology Reviews Test 4 and 5 with answers - Chapter 17...

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